Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/96475
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Type: Journal article
Title: Live small-animal X-ray lung velocimetry and lung micro-tomography at the Australian Synchrotron Imaging and Medical Beamline
Author: Murrie, R.
Morgan, K.
Maksimenko, A.
Fouras, A.
Paganin, D.
Hall, C.
Siu, K.
Parsons, D.
Donnelley, M.
Citation: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 2015; 22(4):1049-1055
Publisher: International Union of Crystallography
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 0909-0495
1600-5775
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Rhiannon P. Murrie, Kaye S. Morgan, Anton Maksimenko, Andreas Fouras, David M. Paganin, Chris Hall, Karen K. W. Siu, David W. Parsons and Martin Donnelley
Abstract: The high flux and coherence produced at long synchrotron beamlines makes them well suited to performing phase-contrast X-ray imaging of the airways and lungs of live small animals. Here, findings of the first live-animal imaging on the Imaging and Medical Beamline (IMBL) at the Australian Synchrotron are reported, demonstrating the feasibility of performing dynamic lung motion measurement and high-resolution micro-tomography. Live anaesthetized mice were imaged using 30 keV monochromatic X-rays at a range of sample-to-detector propagation distances. A frame rate of 100 frames s(-1) allowed lung motion to be determined using X-ray velocimetry. A separate group of humanely killed mice and rats were imaged by computed tomography at high resolution. Images were reconstructed and rendered to demonstrate the capacity for detailed, user-directed display of relevant respiratory anatomy. The ability to perform X-ray velocimetry on live mice at the IMBL was successfully demonstrated. High-quality renderings of the head and lungs visualized both large structures and fine details of the nasal and respiratory anatomy. The effect of sample-to-detector propagation distance on contrast and resolution was also investigated, demonstrating that soft tissue contrast increases, and resolution decreases, with increasing propagation distance. This new capability to perform live-animal imaging and high-resolution micro-tomography at the IMBL enhances the capability for investigation of respiratory diseases and the acceleration of treatment development in Australia.
Keywords: X-ray
lung
microtomography
phase contrast
velocimetry
Rights: © 2015 International Union of Crystallography
DOI: 10.1107/S1600577515006001
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/626863
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