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|Title:||Subcooled flow boiling heat transfer of ethanol aqueous solutions in vertical annulus space|
|Citation:||Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly, 2012; 18(2):315-327|
|Publisher:||Association of the Chemical Engineers|
|M.M. Sarafraz, S.M. Peyghambarzadeh, N. Vaeli|
|Abstract:||The subcooled flow boiling heat-transfer characteristics of water and ethanol solutions in a vertical annulus have been investigated up to heat flux 132kW/m2. The variations in the effects of heat flux and fluid velocity, and concentration of ethanol on the observed heat-transfer coefficients over a range of ethanol concentrations implied an enhanced contribution of nucleate boiling heat transfer in flow boiling, where both forced convection and nucleate boiling heat transfer occurred. Increasing the ethanol concentration led to a significant deterioration in the observed heat-transfer coefficient because of a mixture effect, that resulted in a local rise in the saturation temperature of ethanol/water solution at the vapor-liquid interface. The reduction in the heat-transfer coefficient with increasing ethanol concentration is also attributed to changes in the fluid properties (for example, viscosity and heat capacity) of tested solutions with different ethanol content. The experimental data were compared with some well-established existing correlations. Results of comparisons indicate existing correlations are unable to obtain the acceptable values. Therefore a modified correlation based on Gnielinski correlation has been proposed that predicts the heat transfer coefficient for ethanol/water solution with uncertainty about 8% that is the least in comparison to other well-known existing correlations.|
|Keywords:||flow boiling; heat transfer; ethanol; water; Gnielinski correlation; bubble generation|
|Rights:||Copyright status unknown|
|Appears in Collections:||Mechanical Engineering publications|
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