Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
Type: Journal article
Title: Genetics and physiology of cell wall polysaccharides in the model C₄ grass, Setaria viridis spp
Other Titles: Genetics and physiology of cell wall polysaccharides in the model C(4) grass, Setaria viridis spp
Author: Ermawar, R.
Collins, H.
Byrt, C.
Henderson, M.
O'Donovan, L.
Shirley, N.
Schwerdt, J.
Lahnstein, J.
Fincher, G.
Burton, R.
Citation: BMC Plant Biology, 2015; 15(1):236-1-236-18
Publisher: BioMed Central
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 1471-2229
Statement of
Riksfardini A. Ermawar, Helen M. Collins, Caitlin S. Byrt, Marilyn Henderson, Lisa A. O'Donovan, Neil J. Shirley, Julian G. Schwerdt, Jelle Lahnstein, Geoffrey B. Fincher and Rachel A. Burton
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Setaria viridis has emerged as a model species for the larger C4 grasses. Here the cellulose synthase (CesA) superfamily has been defined, with an emphasis on the amounts and distribution of (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan, a cell wall polysaccharide that is characteristic of the grasses and is of considerable value for human health. METHODS: Orthologous relationship of the CesA and Poales-specific cellulose synthase-like (Csl) genes among Setaria italica (Si), Sorghum bicolor (Sb), Oryza sativa (Os), Brachypodium distachyon (Bradi) and Hordeum vulgare (Hv) were compared using bioinformatics analysis. Transcription profiling of Csl gene families, which are involved in (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan synthesis, was performed using real-time quantitative PCR (Q-PCR). The amount of (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan was measured using a modified Megazyme assay. The fine structures of the (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan, as denoted by the ratio of cellotriosyl to cellotetraosyl residues (DP3:DP4 ratio) was assessed by chromatography (HPLC and HPAEC-PAD). The distribution and deposition of the MLG was examined using the specific antibody BG-1 and captured using fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS: The cellulose synthase gene superfamily contains 13 CesA and 35 Csl genes in Setaria. Transcript profiling of CslF, CslH and CslJ gene families across a vegetative tissue series indicated that SvCslF6 transcripts were the most abundant relative to all other Csl transcripts. The amounts of (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan in Setaria vegetative tissues ranged from 0.2% to 2.9% w/w with much smaller amounts in developing grain (0.003% to 0.013% w/w). In general, the amount of (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan was greater in younger than in older tissues. The DP3:DP4 ratios varied between tissue types and across developmental stages, and ranged from 2.4 to 3.0:1. The DP3:DP4 ratios in developing grain ranged from 2.5 to 2.8:1. Micrographs revealing the distribution of (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan in walls of different cell types and the data were consistent with the quantitative (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan assays. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of the cellulose synthase gene superfamily and the accumulation and distribution of (1,3;1,4)-β-glucans in Setaria are similar to those in other C4 grasses, including sorghum. This suggests that Setaria is a suitable model plant for cell wall polysaccharide biology in C4 grasses.
Keywords: Cellulose synthase gene superfamily; (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan; Setaria ; Immuno-fluorescence microscopy; Q-PCR
Description: Published: 2 October 2015
Rights: © 2015 Ermawar et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
RMID: 0030037029
DOI: 10.1186/s12870-015-0624-0
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
hdl_96776.pdfPublished version2.98 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.