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|Title:||Inflammation, plaque progression and vulnerability: evidence from intravascular ultrasound imaging|
|Citation:||Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy, 2015; 5(4):280-289|
|Publisher:||Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy|
|Yu Kataoka, Rishi Puri, Stephen J. Nicholls|
|Abstract:||Increasing evidence points to a critical role of inflammation in the development and propagation of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Pathological studies in human and animal models have elucidated specific inflammatory mediators contributing to the progression and rupture of atherosclerotic plaque in the artery wall. These observations not only outline the importance of inflammation in atheroma progression but also the potential of anti-inflammatory therapeutic approaches to prevent and stabilize atherosclerotic disease. Intravascular ultrasonography enables direct atheroma visualization in vivo. Additionally, refinements in ultrasound technology permitting radiofrequency backscatter analysis enhance plaque characterization associated with disease instability. These imaging modalities will continue to provide opportunities for evaluating novel inflammatory mechanisms and anti-inflammatory therapies.|
|Keywords:||Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS); atherosclerosis; imaging; inflammation; plaque progression; plaque vulnerability|
|Rights:||© Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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