Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/97396
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dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Bellido, D.en
dc.contributor.authorLee, M.en
dc.contributor.authorEdgecombe, G.en
dc.contributor.authorJago, J.en
dc.contributor.authorGehling, J.en
dc.contributor.authorPaterson, J.en
dc.date.issued2014en
dc.identifier.citationBMC Evolutionary Biology, 2014; 14(1):214-1-214-13en
dc.identifier.issn1471-2148en
dc.identifier.issn1471-2148en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/97396-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Vetulicolians are one of the most problematic and controversial Cambrian fossil groups, having been considered as arthropods, chordates, kinorhynchs, or their own phylum. Mounting evidence suggests that vetulicolians are deuterostomes, but affinities to crown-group phyla are unresolved. RESULTS: A new vetulicolian from the Emu Bay Shale Konservat-Lagerstätte, South Australia, Nesonektris aldridgei gen. et sp. nov., preserves an axial, rod-like structure in the posterior body region that resembles a notochord in its morphology and taphonomy, with notable similarity to early decay stages of the notochord of extant cephalochordates and vertebrates. Some of its features are also consistent with other structures, such as a gut or a coelomic cavity. CONCLUSIONS: Phylogenetic analyses resolve a monophyletic Vetulicolia as sister-group to tunicates (Urochordata) within crown Chordata, and this holds even if they are scored as unknown for all notochord characters. The hypothesis that the free-swimming vetulicolians are the nearest relatives of tunicates suggests that a perpetual free-living life cycle was primitive for tunicates. Characters of the common ancestor of Vetulicolia + Tunicata include distinct anterior and posterior body regions - the former being non-fusiform and used for filter feeding and the latter originally segmented - plus a terminal mouth, absence of pharyngeal bars, the notochord restricted to the posterior body region, and the gut extending to the end of the tail.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityDiego C García-Bellido, Michael S Y Lee, Gregory D Edgecombe, James B Jago, James G Gehling, and John R Patersonen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen
dc.rights© 2014 Garcia-Bellido et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.en
dc.subjectGills; Animals; Chordata; Urochordata; Phylogeny; Fossils; Australia; Biological Evolutionen
dc.titleA new vetulicolian from Australia and its bearing on the chordate affinities of an enigmatic Cambrian groupen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0030016622en
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12862-014-0214-zen
dc.relation.granthttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/LP0774959en
dc.relation.granthttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP120104251en
dc.relation.granthttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FT120100770en
dc.relation.granthttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FT130101329en
dc.identifier.pubid119237-
pubs.library.collectionGenetics publicationsen
pubs.library.teamDS01en
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
dc.identifier.orcidGarcia-Bellido, D. [0000-0003-1922-9836]en
Appears in Collections:Genetics publications

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