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Type: Book chapter
Title: One zoonym, two parents: Mendele's phono-semantic matching of animal terms, and later developments of lexical confluence in modern Hebrew zoonymy
Author: Nissan, E.
Zuckermann, G.
Citation: Language, Culture, Computation: Computational Linguistics and Linguistics. Essays Dedicated to Yaacov Choueka on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday, Part III, 2014 / Dershowitz, N., Nissan, E. (ed./s), vol.8003, pp.537-561
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Publisher Place: Germany
Issue Date: 2014
Series/Report no.: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 8003
ISBN: 3642453260
Editor: Dershowitz, N.
Nissan, E.
Statement of
Ephraim Nissan and Ghil‘ad Zuckermann
Abstract: In this study, we sift through the Hebrew animal names neologised by Abramowitsch (1866) in his natural history of birds. We identify and discuss a few such coinages of his which exhibit folk-etymological nativisation, by phono-semantic matching. Moreover, we trace occurrences of application of devices of lexical conflation by covert borrowing also in Hebrew zoonyms coined more recently than in Abramowitsch’s Natural History. Studying the latter’s neologised animal names is important because it illustrates a phenomenon (lexical conflation as a way to nativise loanwords) which has occurred in several modernised languages, and because Abramowitsch’s work was at a time when there arose modernisers also for other languages.
Keywords: Lexicon; Terminology; Neologisms; Zoonyms (animal names); Bird names; Hebrew; phono-semantic; matching; punning; Shalom Ya’akov; Abramowitsch ([Sholem Yankev Abramovich] = Mendele Mokher Sfarim); Aardvark (Orycteropus afer); Dodo (Raphus cucullatus); Hamster (Cricetidae); Water Rail (Rallus aquaticus)
Description: Series ISSN 0302-9743
Rights: © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-45327-4_14
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