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Type: Journal article
Title: Monitoring the intragastric distribution of a colloidal drug carrier model by magnetic resonance imaging
Author: Faas, H.
Schwizer, W.
Feinle-Bisset, C.
Lengsfeld, H.
de Smidt, C.
Boesiger, P.
Fried, M.
Rades, T.
Citation: Pharmaceutical Research, 2001; 18(4):460-466
Publisher: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ
Issue Date: 2001
ISSN: 0724-8741
Statement of
Henryk Faas, Werner Schwizer, Christine Feinle, Hans Lengsfeld, Chris de Smidt, Peter Boesiger, Michael Fried, and Thomas Rades
Abstract: Purpose: Monitoring the distribution of drugs or drug delivery systems in the human gastrointestinal tract is an important prerequisite for the design of orally administered drugs. We investigated the intragastric distribution of a colloidal drug delivery system (liposomes containing the contrast agent Gd-DOTA) by magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: Following ingestion of a liquid or a solid meal, gastric distribution of liposomes released from a capsule and the fat component of the solid meal were tracked in 7 healthy subjects for 90 min. Liposomes were identified in gastric content by the increased signal intensity provided by the encapsulated Gd-DOTA. Results. With the liquid meal, liposomes initially formed a layer on the surface before distributing in 86 ± 2% of gastric content (maximum distribution volume) within 42 ± 6 min. With the solid meal, maximum distribution (7 ± 1%, reached within 24 ± 6 min) was confined to a small volume in the fundus without forming a layer, suggesting that distribution was related to the accessible liquid compartment. Fat distribution was inhomogeneous and concentrated in the fundus. Conclusions: Intragastric distribution of a colloidal drug carrier model, such as Gd-DOTA-filled liposomes, varies between meals of different composition. These differences can be monitored in three dimensions in humans by MRI.
Keywords: intragastric drug distribution
colloidal system
solid meal
liquid meal
magnetic resonance imaging
DOI: 10.1023/A:1011098125916
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