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Type: Journal article
Title: Interleukin-1b and tumour necrosis factor-a increase microvascular leakage in the guinea pig trachea
Author: Reynolds, A.
Holmes, M.
Scicchitano, R.
Citation: Respirology, 2002; 7(1):23-28
Publisher: Blackwell Science Asia Pty Ltd
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 1323-7799
Abstract: OBJECTIVE:Airway microvascular leakage is considered to be an important component of airway inflammation in asthma. In the present study we examined the effect of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) on airway microvascular leakage in vivo. METHODOLOGY:Tracheal Evans blue extravasation was examined in an isolated tracheal segment, in anaesthetized mechanically ventilated guinea pigs. Baseline tracheal microvascular leakage was measured in five animals. As a control group for aerosol challenge, the isolated tracheal segment (n = 5) underwent saline aerosol challenge. To test whether a combination of IL-1beta (10 ng/mL) and TNFalpha (100 ng/mL) induced Evans blue extravasation, the trachea was exposed to an aerosol of these cytokines (n = 5). As a positive control the tracheal segment was challenged with histamine aerosol (5 x 10(-2) mol) (n = 3). All aerosol challenges were for 1 min. RESULTS:TNFalpha and IL-1beta aerosol challenge significantly increased Evans blue extravasation (28.9 +/- 1.6 microg/g wet tissue, mean +/- SE) compared to saline challenge (13.8 +/- 3.0 microg/g; P < 0.05). Tracheal dye extravasation without aerosol challenge, was not significantly different from saline-challenged animals (17.5 +/- 2.9 and 13.8 +/- 3.0 microg/g, respectively). Histamine significantly increased Evans blue extravasation (50.1 +/- 4.8 microg/g; P < 0.05) compared to saline challenge. CONCLUSION:Pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNFalpha and IL-1beta are able to induce significant microvascular leakage in the guinea pig trachea.
Keywords: Trachea
Guinea Pigs
Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials
Evans Blue
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Administration, Inhalation
Models, Animal
Capillary Permeability
In Vitro Techniques
DOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1843.2002.00362.x
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Medicine publications

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