Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/97728
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Type: Journal article
Title: Where did all the trees come from? A novel multispecies approach reveals the impacts of biogeographical history and functional diversity on rain forest assembly
Author: Rossetto, M.
Mcpherson, H.
Siow, J.
Kooyman, R.
van der Merwe, M.
Wilson, P.
Citation: Journal of Biogeography, 2015; 42(11):2172-2186
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 0305-0270
1365-2699
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Maurizio Rossetto, Hannah McPherson, Juelian Siow, Robert Kooyman, Marlien van der Merwe and Peter D. Wilson
Abstract: Aim: We take advantage of next generation sequencing-based technology to assess how landscape-level dynamics, biogeographical history and functional factors shape the distribution of genetic diversity in rain forest trees. To achieve this, we explore chloroplast genomic diversity and divergence patterns across multiple, co-distributed species from three major centres of rain forest diversity. Location Subtropical rain forests in south-eastern Australia: Nightcap–Border Ranges, Dorrigo and Washpool. Methods: We assembled chloroplast genomic data from whole-genome shotgun libraries for 71 species collected across three major centres of rain forest diversity. Chloroplast single nucleotide polymorphisms were used to measure genetic variation within and between multiple populations, species and locations, and we used this information to identify patterns related to landscape-level processes, biogeographical origins and functional characteristics. Results: We identified Nightcap–Border Ranges and Dorrigo as containing multiple refugia and Washpool as primarily a recolonized area. We found that rapidly expanding lineages of Indo-Malesian origin exhibit significantly lower levels of genetic diversity than Gondwanan lineages with longer local histories. Functional traits related to persistence and dispersal were the most important in regulating the distribution of genetic diversity. Main conclusions: The distribution and assembly of species reflect interactions and competition between different floristic elements at different stages of continental occupation. Additionally, given the multiple evolutionary origins and histories of the Australian rain forest flora, it is important to avoid treating rain forest communities as single management units.
Keywords: Australia; chloroplast genome; functional traits; Gondwana; Indo-Malesia; next generation sequencing; refugia; single nucleotide polymorphisms
Description: Article first published online: 24 JUL 2015
Rights: © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
RMID: 0030033389
DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12571
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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