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dc.contributor.advisorKitson, Alison Lydia-
dc.contributor.advisorPisaniello, Dino Luigi-
dc.contributor.advisorPowell, Kathryn Joy-
dc.contributor.authorBarclay, Andrea Rona-
dc.description.abstractBackground Commercial fishing is one of the most hazardous industries as evidenced by international injury data comparisons. Its workforce includes seasonal, self‐employed and vulnerable people, often lacking supportive structures. Along with workplace injuries, mental health problems and chronic health conditions have been identified in the literature. Even though there have been calls for health promotion interventions, there is no strategic approach or conceptual framework addressing workers’ health and well‐being within commercial fishing industries. This research aimed to understand and describe the commercial fishing industry of Port Lincoln from multiple perspectives and to propose a framework for workplace health promotion interventions applicable to rural fishing industries. The central research question guiding this study was ‘How could a pragmatic framework for effective workplace health promotion be structured for use within commercial fishing industries?’ This question was addressed by surveying workers and exploring the perspectives of a variety of industry managers and stakeholders in the South Australian town of Port Lincoln, incorporating the sectors of wild‐catch, aquaculture and seafood processing. Methods This study used a case study methodology that incorporated a mixed methods strategy of data collection and analysis. An integrative literature review of international literature was undertaken; a qualitative study investigated the views of industry managers, stakeholders and health providers; and a survey questionnaire explored the needs and perceptions of the industry’s workforce. This mix of different methods highlighted various viewpoints and strengthened the findings by enabling triangulation of data. A realistic and credible range of key factors for an effective workplace health promotion program was thereby identified and a framework created from these findings. Results An integrative literature review of international literature on fishing industries pointed to high workloads, employment instability, as well as other pressures arising from uncertainties and unstable working conditions impacting on the health and well‐being of the fishing industry’s workers. Even though these workers are a difficult population to approach with interventions, a need for health support and a call for preventive and health promoting strategies was found throughout the international literature. The systematic search strategy revealed that, to date, no health promotion approach has been developed and implemented within a fishing industry workforce. Semi‐structured, face‐to‐face interviews with twenty‐seven industry managers, stakeholders and health providers gave in‐depth insight into the phenomena under investigation. An unstructured approach of supporting workers’ health and well‐being was identified and industry managers stated an interest in learning more about the possibilities of workplace health promotion. The culture of the industry was described as very competitive, with many psychosocial pressures resting on the workers, relating to low socio‐economic background, isolation, the difficulty of maintaining stable relationships while out at sea and economic pressures. High rates of drug and alcohol use as well as mental health issues were described as problematic, with the interviews revealing the struggle of industry managers to deal with these issues. Due to workers migrating to other rural industries the participants also considered health and well‐being interventions to be a valuable asset in contributing towards staff retention. To further explore the workforce needs and from there develop a framework, a survey was undertaken among workers in the various industry subsectors, occupational groups and enterprises. For this purpose, a new data collection tool to survey the fishing industry’s workforce regarding their health and well‐being at the workplace was created. The survey included 179 participants and revealed a large potential for utilising workplace health promotion programs. Even though the term ‘workplace health promotion’ was not recognised by workers, they were interested in offers of health promotion and pointed to an array of services they would like to see their workplace provide. Moreover, there were evident benefits to be gained by employers. The survey underlined the large potential of workplace health promotion in keeping staff connected and committed to the industry. Discussion and Implications Based on the evidence of the data, a framework of workplace health promotion for the commercial fishing industry was developed. The DOME Framework of Health Promotion aims at creating a healthy workplace for workers and employers and revolves around the respectful interaction of both. The framework addresses four domains (DO) that incorporate an active approach to educating and empowering workers, social and emotional support, modification of organisational arrangements to enable workers to adopt healthy behaviour and engagement with the surrounding community. These domains are guided by principal mechanisms that steer the utilisation and implementation of the framework. These mechanisms (ME) are defined as mutual trust, leadership, communication and participation. It is recommended that this multifaceted approach be presented to regional development boards to support the building of workplace health promotion strategies from within the industry and in collaboration with the community. A culture of valuing and promoting a healthy, qualified and motivated workforce is the primary objective, thereby leading to the improved retention of workers and enhanced productivity. It is suggested that theoretical propositions arising from this research, relating to the application of health promotion principles, can be generalised and the framework transferred to other commercial fishing industries.en
dc.subjecthealth promotionen
dc.subjectworkplace healthen
dc.subjectoccupational healthen
dc.subjectrural industryen
dc.subjectfishing industryen
dc.titleWorkplace health promotion in the commercial fishing industry: a case study of Port Lincolnen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Nursingen
dc.provenanceThis electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
dc.description.dissertationThesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Nursing, 2015en
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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