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Type: Theses
Title: Investigating effective social marketing campaigns: the direct and indirect impacts of fear, challenge, and fear mixed with challenge appeals on help-seeking intentions
Author: de Vos, Svetlana
Issue Date: 2015
School/Discipline: Business School
Abstract: The primary aim of the current study is to empirically test a novel conceptual framework which united the Cognitive Phenomenological Theory of Emotions (Lazarus, Kanner and Folkman, 1980), the Revised Protection Motivation Model (Arthur and Quester, 2004), and the Heuristic Systematic Model (Eagly and Chaiken, 1993) to investigate the impact of various emotions on help-seeking intentions (BI). In particular, this research was undertaken to investigate the persuasive power of emotional advertising eliciting fear, challenge and fear mixed with challenge in consumers to induce help-seeking behavioural intentions in social marketing context. The study seeks to evaluate the direct and indirect impact of fear, challenge and fear mixed with challenge on behavioural intentions via systematic mode and depth of information processing (SMIP/DP) and attitudes towards the advertisement (AT). The study also strive to determine whether respective influence of fear mixed with challenge emotional advertising serves as a conditioning stimulus to enhance systematic mode and depth of information processing, and indirectly, through attitudes towards the advertisement, influence the strongest intentions to seek professional help in comparison to fear or challenge appeals. Since marketing communication is progressing to an era of tailored messages targeted at individuals, this study investigates a-priori individual differences such as tolerance of ambiguity, tolerance of negative emotions, involvement with the advertisement, response efficacy and self-accountability to unveil the unique information processing patterns among consumers exposed to the emotional advertising. The study is based on mixed research design and comprised of qualitative (thematic analysis) and quantitative stages (quasi–experiment with web-based survey). Results of the study empirically confirm that emotional blend of fear mixed with challenge indirectly via cognitive mediators of SMIP/DP and AT exerted the strongest positive impact on help-seeking intentions in comparison to fear or challenge appeals in at-risk population. Across all emotional appeals, heuristically proceeded messages resulted in non-significant impact on behavioural intentions. Additionally, the empirical results of the current research suggest that market segmentation should be effectively applied when using fear mixed with challenge in advertising, since a-priori individual characteristic such as tolerance of ambiguity weakens the relationship between attitude towards the advertisement and help-seeking behavioural intentions in at–risk population. The moderating role of involvement with the advertisement was also supported to strengthen the direct relationship between SMIP/DP and AT regardless of felt emotion/s. The research provides important information to social marketers seeking to exploit the persuasive impacts of emotional advertising on inducing help-seeking intentions in at-risk consumers.
Advisor: Crouch, Roberta
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, Business School, 2015
Keywords: emotional advertising
mixed emotions
challenge appeals
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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