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Type: Journal article
Title: Seroprevalence and potential risk factors associated with neospora spp. Infection among asymptomatic horses in Jordan
Author: Talafha, A.
Abutarbush, S.
Rutley, D.
Citation: Korean Journal of Parasitology, 2015; 53(2):163-167
Publisher: Korean Society for Parasitology
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 0023-4001
Statement of
Abdelsalam Q. Talafha, Sameeh M. Abutarbush, David L. Rutley
Abstract: This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence and to identify risk factors associated with Neospora spp. infection in horses in Jordan. Management related data were collected from each farm and individual horses. Sera from 227 horses from 5 of 6 climatic regions in Jordan were analyzed for the presence of antibodies to Neospora spp. by ELISA kit. The study was performed during spring of 2010. The association between seropositivity and risk factors was analyzed. A total of 7 (3%) of 227 sera had antibodies for Neospora spp. There was a significant regional difference (P=0.018) between the 5 climatic regions. Positive cases were located in Amman and Irbid, while the other regions (Zarqa, Jordan Valley, and Wadi Mousa) had zero prevalence. The use of anthelmintics at least once a year resulted in a significant reduction of the seroprevalence to Neospora spp. (1.6% vs 9.8%). However, this might be a phenomenon by chance and a better hygiene since owners can invest in anthelmintics. Other risk factors such as age, gender, breed, usage, body condition score, grazing, presence of other animals mixed with the horses in the same property, and a history of previous diseases were not significantly associated with the seroprevalence to Neospora spp. infection. This is the first study to report on the presence of Neospora seropositive horses in Jordan. Further studies are warranted to better understand the role of certain risk factors in the transmission of Neospora spp. among horse population and to determine which Neospora spp. are responsible for the infection.
Keywords: Neospora spp.; horse; risk factor; seroprevalence; Jordan
Rights: © 2015, Korean Society for Parasitology and Tropical Medicine This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI: 10.3347/kjp.2015.53.2.163
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Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications
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