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Type: Theses
Title: Radiation effects in glasses for intrinsic optical fibre radiation dosimetry
Author: Kalnins, Christopher Andris Gregory
Issue Date: 2015
School/Discipline: School of Physical Sciences
Abstract: An optical fibre device has been developed for the purpose of detecting ionising radiation using optically stimulated luminescence. Characterisation of glass materials has been performed, after which optical fibres were fabricated for experiments to demonstrate sensing of ionising radiation. Fluoride phosphate glass was tested for its capability to sense ionising radiation, primarily using the mechanism of optically stimulated luminescence. The characteristics of the material were determined using a combination of spectroscopy, and thermally and optically stimulated luminescence tests. The sensitivity to ionising radiation was improved by introducing dopant ions into the glass; doping of fluoride phosphate glass with Tb³⁺ was found to increase the intensity of the optically stimulated luminescence response by an order of magnitude, from 7.56 × 10⁶ counts/g/Gy to 100.7 × 10⁶ counts/g/Gy. Optical fibres were fabricated from fluoride phosphate glass using the extrusion method for fibre preform manufacture. The fabrication process was optimised in each of the extrusion, preform processing and fibre drawing stages to achieve optical fibres with loss of between 0.5 - 1 dB/m for undoped fibres, and between 1 - 4 dB/m for Tb³⁺- doped fibres. Optical fibres were used for ionising radiation sensing experiments, where the optically stimulated luminescence response was measured following both beta and X-ray irradiation. Following a dose of 14.6±0.5 Gy, optically stimulated luminescence signals were observable using optical fibre lengths of up to 2.6 m, with an integrated OSL intensity of 44.1 ± 13.0 counts. Silica glass was also tested as an alternative material to perform optical fibre measurements using optically stimulated luminescence. The material was characterised and optical fibres were fabricated with a loss of 0.5 dB/m. Following a dose of 15.5 ± 0.5 Gy, optically stimulated luminescence signals were observable using optical fibre lengths of up to 8.6 m, with an integrated OSL intensity of 385.7 ± 43.4 counts.
Advisor: Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Heike
Spooner, Nigel
Monro, Tanya Mary
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Physical Sciences, 2015.
Keywords: radiation dosimetry
optical fibres
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