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Type: Journal article
Title: Quantitative detection of metallic traces in water-based liquids by microwave-assisted laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
Author: Wall, M.
Sun, Z.
Alwahabi, Z.
Citation: Optics Express, 2016; 24(2):1507-1517
Publisher: Optical Society of America
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1094-4087
Statement of
Matthew Wall, Zhiwei Sun, and Zeyad T. Alwahabi
Abstract: The enhancement of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) assisted with microwave radiation is demonstrated for an aqueous solution of indium using the 451.13 nm emission line. Microwave power was delivered via a near-field applicator to the LIBS measurement volume where the indium aqueous solution was presented as a liquid jet. The microwave enhancement effect was observed to decrease with increasing laser pulse fluence at 532 nm resulting in a maximum emission intensity occurring at a laser pulse fluence of 85.2 J∙cm<sup>-2</sup>, independent of the microwave power used. The detection limits of indium in an aqueous solution were determined to be 10.8 ± 0.7 and 124 ± 5 ppm for the cases of microwave enhanced and standard LIBS, respectively. The 11.5-fold detection limit enhancement obtained in the liquid phase is of the same order of magnitude as that reported for other elements in solid samples, but lower than that obtained in solid phase utilizing a similar experimental setup. This establishes microwave enhancement as an effective technique for the detection of metals in aqueous solutions. In addition, the temporal evolution of plasma emission intensity was investigated and was found to be qualitatively similar to that of plasma produced from solid phase samples, which reveals the same coupling mechanism between laser generated plasma and microwave radiation.
Rights: © 2016 Optical Society of America. Open Access - CC BY license.
DOI: 10.1364/OE.24.001507
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Mechanical Engineering publications

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