Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Type: Theses
Title: Muscle strength in adults with spinal cord injury: a systematic review of manual muscle testing, isokinetic and hand held dynamometry clinimetrics
Author: Peek, Kerry Jane
Issue Date: 2014
School/Discipline: School of Translational Health Science
Abstract: Objectives The objectives of this systematic review were to synthesise the best available evidence regarding the clinimetrics for manual muscle testing (MMT), isokinetic dynamometry (ID) and hand held dynamometry (HHD) in the assessment of muscle strength in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) and determine whether there is research evidence to recommend HHD as the standard tool for measuring muscle strength in adults with SCI. Inclusion Criteria: Only studies related to adults with SCI and MMT and/or ID and/or HHD were included. Search Strategy The search sought to identify any relevant English language published or unpublished studies via a three step search strategy. Methodological quality Two independent reviewers assessed the methodological quality of the studies using the quality evaluation tool consensus-based standards for the selection of health status instruments (COSMIN). Data collection An original data extraction form was developed to extract quantitative data from the included studies. Data synthesis It was not appropriate to conduct a meta-analysis due to the heterogeneity of the included studies. Therefore, the results are presented in narrative text including raw data as presented in the included studies as well as the contextual data. Results Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria of this systematic review. The results demonstrated that MMT showed varying inter-tester reliability over 10 muscle groups tested, ID demonstrated good reliability for the shoulder but not the elbow, HHD showed good reliability and validity for the upper limb and trunk, as well as good results for responsiveness and interpretability. Positive correlations were seen between MMT, ID and HHD particularly at the lower MMT grades. However, change in muscle strength scores seen on ID and HHD testing were not always correlated with changes in MMT grade. Significant overlapping of scores was seen between MMT and HHD particularly for grades 4 and 5 with MMT unable to detect subtle changes in muscle strength compared with dynamometry. Conclusions In conclusion, when considering the clinimetrics of the 3 methods for assessing muscle strength in adults with SCI there does appear to be support in the literature to recommend the wider application of HHD compared with MMT and ID.
Advisor: Robertson-Malt, Suzanne
Munn, Zachary
Dissertation Note: Thesis (M.Clin.Sc.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Translational Health Science, 2014.
Keywords: spinal cord injury
manual muscle test
isokinetic dynamometry
hand held dynamometry
muscle strength
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
01front.pdf111.27 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02whole.pdf820.29 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
PermissionsLibrary staff access only458.19 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
RestrictedLibrary staff access only1 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.