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Type: Journal article
Title: Depressive symptoms among children and adolescents in Iran: a confirmatory factor analytic study of the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children
Author: Essau, C.
Olaya, B.
Pasha, G.
Gilvarry, C.
Bray, D.
Citation: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2013; 44(1):123-136
Publisher: Springer US
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0009-398X
Statement of
Cecilia A. Essau, Beatriz Olaya, Gholamreza Pasha, Catherine Gilvarry, Diane Bray
Abstract: This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Iranian translation of the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC) in school children and adolescents in Iran. The CES-DC is a 20-item self-report scale designed to measure depressive symptoms in children and adolescents. A total of 1,984 children and adolescents, aged 12-17 years, participated in this research. In addition to the CES-DC, all participants completed the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The CES-DC demonstrated high internal consistency (Cronbach Alpha = .87). Confirmatory factor analyses revealed the same four factor structure as proposed by Radloff. Invariance tests showed an equivalent structure among boys and girls and younger and older adolescents. The CES-DC total scores correlated significantly with the SCAS total scores and the SDQ emotional symptoms subscale, providing support of its convergent validity. To conclude, the CES-DC proved to be a reliable and valid measure of depressive symptoms in the Iranian context.
Keywords: Depression; Children and adolescents; Psychometric properties; Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children
Description: First online: 20 June 2012
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012
DOI: 10.1007/s10578-012-0314-1
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Psychology publications

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