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Type: Journal article
Title: Confidence - more a personality or ability trait? It depends on how it is measured: a comparison of young and older adults
Author: Burns, K.
Burns, N.
Ward, L.
Citation: Frontiers in Psychology, 2016; 7(APR):518-1-518-14
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1664-1078
Statement of
Karina M. Burns, Nicholas R. Burns, and Lynn Ward
Abstract: The current study (N = 244) compared two independently developed and substantively different measures of self-confidence; a self-report measure, and a measure described as “online.” Online measures are confidence-accuracy judgments made following each item on a cognitive task; in the current study, online measures were yoked to tasks of fluid and crystallized intelligence. The self-report and online measures had not previously been compared, and it was unknown if they captured the same self-confidence construct. These measures were also compared to self-efficacy and personality for the purpose of defining self-confidence as an independent construct, as well as to clarify the primary comparison. This study also aimed to replicate previous findings of a stable factor of confidence derived from online measures. An age comparison was made between a young adult sample (30 years and under) and an older adult sample (65 years and over) to determine how confidence functions across the lifespan. The primary finding was that self-report and online measures of confidence define two different but modestly correlated factors. Moreover, the self-report measures sit closer to personality, and the online measures sit closer to ability. While online measures of confidence were distinct from self-efficacy and personality, self-report measures were very closely related to the personality trait Emotional Stability. A general confidence factor—derived from online measures—was identified, and importantly was found in not just young adults but also in older adults. In terms of the age comparison, older adults had higher self-report self-confidence, and tended to be more overconfident in their judgments for online measures; however this overconfidence was more striking in the online measures attached to fluid ability than to crystallized ability.
Keywords: confidence; self-confidence; metacognition; calibration; older-adults
Description: This article was submitted to Cognition, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology. Published: 18 April 2016.
Rights: © 2016 Burns, Burns and Ward. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00518
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 7
Psychology publications

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