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Type: Journal article
Title: Vitamin B-12 status during pregnancy and child's IQ at age 8: a Mendelian randomization study in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
Author: Bonilla, C.
Lawlor, D.
Taylor, A.
Gunnell, D.
Ben-Shlomo, Y.
Ness, A.
Timpson, N.
Pourcain, B.
Ring, S.
Emmett, P.
Smith, A.
Refsum, H.
Pennell, C.
Brion, M.
Smith, G.
Lewis, S.
Citation: PLoS One, 2012; 7(12):e51084-1-e51084-9
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1932-6203
Editor: Gorlova, O.
Statement of
Carolina Bonilla, Debbie A. Lawlor, Amy E. Taylor, David J. Gunnell, Yoav Ben, Shlomo, Andrew R. Ness, Nicholas J. Timpson, Beate St Pourcain, Susan M. Ring, Pauline M. Emmett, A. David Smith, Helga Refsum, Craig E. Pennell, Marie-Jo Brion, George Davey Smith, Sarah J. Lewis
Abstract: Vitamin B-12 is essential for the development and maintenance of a healthy nervous system. Brain development occurs primarily in utero and early infancy, but the role of maternal vitamin B-12 status during pregnancy on offspring cognitive function is unclear. In this study we assessed the effect of vitamin B-12 status in well-nourished pregnant women on the cognitive ability of their offspring in a UK birth cohort (ALSPAC). We then examined the association of SNPs in maternal genes FUT2 (rs492602) and TCN2 (rs1801198, rs9606756) that are related to plasma vitamin B-12, with offspring IQ. Observationally, there was a positive association between maternal vitamin B-12 intake and child's IQ that was markedly attenuated after adjustment for potential confounders (mean difference in offspring IQ score per doubling of maternal B-12 intake, before adjustment: 2.0 (95% CI 1.3, 2.8); after adjustment: 0.7 (95% CI -0.04, 1.4)). Maternal FUT2 was weakly associated with offspring IQ: mean difference in IQ per allele was 0.9 (95% CI 0.1, 1.6). The expected effect of maternal vitamin B-12 on offspring IQ, given the relationships between SNPs and vitamin B-12, and SNPs and IQ was consistent with the observational result. Our findings suggest that maternal vitamin B-12 may not have an important effect on offspring cognitive ability. However, further examination of this issue is warranted.
Keywords: Fetal Blood
Vitamin B 12
Longitudinal Studies
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Genetic Association Studies
Mendelian Randomization Analysis
Rights: © 2012 Bonilla et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051084
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