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Type: Journal article
Title: Pattern of thyroid dysfunction in patients with metabolic syndrome and its relationship with components of metabolic syndrome
Author: Gyawali, P.
Takanche, J.
Shrestha, R.
Bhattarai, P.
Khanal, K.
Risal, P.
Koju, R.
Citation: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal, 2015; 39(1):66-73
Publisher: Korean Diabetes Association
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 2233-6079
Statement of
Prabin Gyawali, Jyoti Shrestha Takanche, Raj Kumar Shrestha, Prem Bhattarai, Kishor Khanal, Prabodh Risal, Rajendra Koju
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Thyroid dysfunction (TD) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are known risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). TD is risk factor for ASCVD mediated by the effects of thyroid hormones on lipid metabolism and blood pressure hence the components of MetS. It is possible that coexistence of these two disease entities and unrecognized TD in patients with MetS might substantially increase ASCVD risk. Moreover, little is known about the relationship between TD and the components of MetS. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the pattern of TD in patients with MetS and its relationship with components of the MetS. METHODS: A total of 358 previously diagnosed patients with MetS were recruited in the study. The thyroid function test parameters were measured to classify TD at Dhulikhel Hospital-Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel, Nepal. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 16.0 to evaluate pattern and relationship. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of TD in patients with MetS was 31.84% with high prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (29.32%). We found no evidence of a relationship between TD and components of MetS, although there was significant difference in waist circumference between four groups of TD. CONCLUSION: Patients with MetS had subclinical hypothyroidism greatly. Although there was no evidence of any relationship between thyroid status and all components of MetS, TD should be taken into account when evaluating and treating patients with MetS to reduce the impending risk.
Keywords: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk
Metabolic syndrome
Subclinical hypothyroidism
Thyroid dysfunction
Rights: Copyright © 2015 Korean Diabetes Association. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI: 10.4093/dmj.2015.39.1.66
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