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Type: Journal article
Title: Impact of forest management on species richness: global meta-analysis and economic trade-offs
Author: Chaudhary, A.
Burivalova, Z.
Koh, L.
Hellweg, S.
Citation: Scientific Reports, 2016; 6(1):23954-1-23954-10
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 2045-2322
Statement of
Abhishek Chaudhary, Zuzana Burivalova, Lian Pin Koh & Stefanie Hellweg
Abstract: Forests managed for timber have an important role to play in conserving global biodiversity. We evaluated the most common timber production systems worldwide in terms of their impact on local species richness by conducting a categorical meta-analysis. We reviewed 287 published studies containing 1008 comparisons of species richness in managed and unmanaged forests and derived management, taxon, and continent specific effect sizes. We show that in terms of local species richness loss, forest management types can be ranked, from best to worse, as follows: selection and retention systems, reduced impact logging, conventional selective logging, clear-cutting, agroforestry, timber plantations, fuelwood plantations. Next, we calculated the economic profitability in terms of the net present value of timber harvesting from 10 hypothetical wood-producing Forest Management Units (FMU) from around the globe. The ranking of management types is altered when the species loss per unit profit generated from the FMU is considered. This is due to differences in yield, timber species prices, rotation cycle length and production costs. We thus conclude that it would be erroneous to dismiss or prioritize timber production regimes, based solely on their ranking of alpha diversity impacts.
Keywords: Conservation of Natural Resources
Population Density
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI: 10.1038/srep23954
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 3
Environment Institute publications

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