Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/99071
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Type: Journal article
Title: A randomized, controlled trial of everolimus-based dual immunosuppression versus standard of care in de novo kidney transplant recipients
Author: Chadban, S.
Eris, J.
Kanellis, J.
Pilmore, H.
Lee, P.
Lim, S.
Woodcock, C.
Kurstjens, N.
Russ, G.
Citation: Transplant International, 2014; 27(3):302-311
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0934-0874
1432-2277
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Steven J. Chadban, Josette Marie Eris, John Kanellis, Helen Pilmore, Po Chang Lee, Soo Kun Lim, Chad Woodcock, Nicol Kurstjens, Graeme Russ
Abstract: Kidney transplant recipients receiving calcineurin inhibitor-based immunosuppression incur increased long-term risks of cancer and kidney fibrosis. Switch to mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors may reduce these risks. Steroid or Cyclosporin Removal After Transplant using Everolimus (SOCRATES), a 36-month, prospective, multinational, open-label, randomized controlled trial for de novo kidney transplant recipients, assessed whether everolimus switch could enable elimination of mycophenolate plus either steroids or CNI without compromising efficacy. Patients received cyclosporin, mycophenolate and steroids for the first 14 days then everolimus with mycophenolate and CNIwithdrawal (CNI- WD); everolimus with mycophenolate and steroid withdrawal (steroid-WD); or cyclosporin, mycophenolate and steroids (control). 126 patients were randomized. The steroid WD arm was terminated prematurely because of excess discontinuations. Mean eGFR at month 12 for CNI-WD versus control was 65.1 ml/ min/1.73 m2 vs. 67.1 ml/min/1.73 m2 by ITT, which met predefined noninferiority criteria (P = 0.026). The CNI-WD group experienced a higher rate of BPAR (31% vs. control 13%, P = 0.048) and showed a trend towards higher composite treatment failure (BPAR, graft loss, death, loss to follow-up). The 12 month results from SOCRATES show noninferiority in eGFR, but a significant excess of acute rejection when everolimus was commenced at week 2 to enable a progressive withdrawal of mycophenolate and cyclosporin in kidney transplant recipients.
Keywords: cyclosporin; everolimus; kidney transplantation; mammalian target of rapamycin; steroids
Rights: © 2013 The Authors. Transplant International published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Steunstichting ESOT 27 (2014) 302–311 This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
DOI: 10.1111/tri.12252
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