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Type: Theses
Title: The effectiveness of trace element supplementation following severe burn injury: a systematic review
Author: Kurmis, Rochelle
Issue Date: 2015
School/Discipline: School of Translational Health Science
Abstract: Trace elements have an important physiological role following severe burn injury with patients routinely receiving supplementation. Although trace element supplementation is commonly prescribed after burn injury, variations exist between supplement composition, frequency and the dosage administered. This objective of this research was to identify, assess and synthesise the available evidence on the effectiveness of trace element supplementation on clinically meaningful outcomes, including mortality, length of stay, rate of wound healing and complications in patients who have sustained a severe burn injury. Following development of an a priori protocol, the effectiveness of selenium, copper and zinc supplementation, either alone or combined, compared to placebo or standard treatment, was investigated via systematic review and meta-analysis. A comprehensive search strategy was designed and employed to identify published and unpublished research. Methodological quality of eligible studies was critically appraised and relevant data extracted for synthesis. Eight studies were included in the review: four randomised controlled trials and four nonrandomised experimental trials, representing 398 participants with an age range of six to 67 years. Results of this research indicate that the use of parentally-administered combined trace elements following burn injury confers positive effects in decreasing infectious complications. Combined parenteral trace element supplementation and combined oral and parenteral zinc supplementation have potentially clinically significant implications on reducing length of stay. Oral zinc supplementation shows possible beneficial effects on mortality. Further studies are required to accurately define optimal trace element supplementation regimens, dosages and routes, and to determine cost-effectiveness.
Advisor: Aromataris, Edoardo Claudio
Greenwood, John Edward
Dissertation Note: Thesis (M.Clin.Sc.) (Research by Publication) -- University of Adelaide, School of Translational Health Science, 2015.
Keywords: burn injury
trace elements
nutrition support
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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