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|Title:||Cross-talk between reactive oxygen species and polyamines in regulation of ion transport across the plasma membrane: implications for plant adaptive responses|
|Citation:||Journal of Experimental Botany, 2014; 65(5):1271-1283|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Igor Pottosin, Ana María Velarde-Buendía, Jayakumar Bose, Isaac Zepeda-Jazo, Sergey Shabala and Oxana Dobrovinskaya|
|Abstract:||Many stresses are associated with increased accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and polyamines (PAs). PAs act as ROS scavengers, but export of putrescine and/or PAs to the apoplast and their catabolization by amine oxidases gives rise to H2O2 and other ROS, including hydroxyl radicals (•OH). PA catabolization-based signalling in apoplast is implemented in plant development and programmed cell death and in plant responses to a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses. Central to ROS signalling is the induction of Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane. Different ion conductances may be activated, depending on ROS, plant species, and tissue. Both H2O2 and •OH can activate hyperpolarization-activated Ca2+-permeable channels. •OH is also able to activate both outward K+ current and weakly voltage-dependent conductance (ROSIC), with a variable cation-to-anion selectivity and sensitive to a variety of cation and anion channel blockers. Unexpectedly, PAs potentiated •OH-induced K+ efflux in vivo, as well as ROSIC in isolated protoplasts. This synergistic effect is restricted to the mature root zone and is more pronounced in salt-sensitive cultivars compared with salt-tolerant ones. ROS and PAs suppress the activity of some constitutively expressed K+ and non-selective cation channels. In addition, both •OH and PAs activate plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase and affect H+ pumping. Overall, •OH and PAs may provoke a substantial remodelling of cation and anion conductance at the plasma membrane and affect Ca2+ signalling.|
|Keywords:||Abiotic stress; amine oxidase; apoplast; calcium; hydroxyl radical; hypersensitive response; ion channel; P-type ATPase; plasma membrane; polyamine; reactive oxygen species;; root stomata|
|Description:||First published online: January 24, 2014|
|Rights:||© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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