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Type: Journal article
Title: Effect of perhexiline and oxfenicine on myocardial function and metabolism during low-flow ischemia/reperfusion in the isolated rat heart
Author: Kennedy, J.
Kiosoglous, A.
Murphy, G.
Pelle, M.
Horowitz, J.
Citation: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 2000; 36(6):794-801
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Issue Date: 2000
ISSN: 0160-2446
Abstract: Perhexiline is a potent prophylactic anti-anginal agent that has been shown to inhibit myocardial utilization of long-chain fatty acids and to inhibit the mitochondrial enzyme carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT)-1. We compared the hemodynamic and biochemical effects of perhexiline (0.5 and 2.0 microM) and of another CPT-1 inhibitor, oxfenicine (0.5 mM), in Langendorff-perfused rat hearts subjected to 60 min of low-flow ischemia (95% flow reduction) followed by 30 min of reperfusion. Both perhexiline (2 microM only) and oxfenicine attenuated (p < 0.003, p < 0.0002, respectively) increases in diastolic tension during ischemia, without significant effects on developed tension, or on cardiac function during reperfusion. Myocardial concentrations of long-chain acylcarnitines (LCAC), products of CPT-1 action, were decreased (p < 0.05) by oxfenicine, unaffected by 2 microM perhexiline, and increased slightly by 0.5 microM perhexiline. Perhexiline, but not the active metabolite of oxfenicine, also inhibited cardiac CPT-2 with similar IC50 and Emax, although lower Hill slope, compared with CPT-1. Oxfenicine, but not perhexiline, reduced concentrations of the endogenous CPT-1 inhibitor, malonyl-CoA. Perhexiline, but not oxfenicine, inhibited myocardial release of lactate during normal flow. We conclude that (a) perhexiline protects against diastolic dysfunction during ischemia in this model, independent of major changes in LCAC accumulation and (b) this may result from simultaneous effects of perhexiline on myocardial CPT-1 and CPT-2.
Keywords: Myocardium; Heart; Animals; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Reperfusion Injury; Lactic Acid; Perhexiline; Malonyl Coenzyme A; Carnitine O-Palmitoyltransferase; Glycine; Calcium Channel Blockers; Enzyme Inhibitors; Heart Rate; Coronary Circulation; Male; Hemodynamics; In Vitro Techniques
RMID: 0001000171
DOI: 10.1097/00005344-200012000-00016
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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