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Type: Theses
Title: Evaluating the importance of fodder trees to soil nutrition of farming systems in the mid-hills region of Nepal
Author: Endo, Hiroshi
Issue Date: 2016
School/Discipline: School of Agriculture, Food and Wine
Abstract: The livelihood of Nepali farmers in mid-hills Nepal is interrelated to forest-livestock-farming system. Farmers go to the forest to take fodder as feed for livestock then the livestock products are used for their consumption and income sources. The fresh manure is utilized as fertilizer for crop farming as farm yard manure (FYM). However, the nutrient relationship among fodder, manure, and farm yard manure has not been clearly understood. In addition, the monetary value of the nutrient of FYM has not been quantified. The aim of this study is to evaluate the importance of fodder trees as a source of soil nutrition. To achieve this, this study has the following objectives: 1) to examine the nutrient status in commonly-used fodder trees, 2) to determine the nutrient status of fresh manure from livestock feeding on different fodder trees, 3) to survey the use and quality of farm yard manure, and 4) to determine the equivalent market value of the nutrients in farm yard manure. This study explains the results of analysis identifying the concentration of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K) in four forest fodder species. Additionally, it analyses the nutrient composition (NPK) of the manure of five goats, cows and buffalo feeding on three types of fodder species over a 27 day cycle. Finally, it calculates the monetary value of the nutrients in both fodder and manure. The nutrient content of each fodder species is different for each village and according to livestock type. The nutrient content of fresh manure produced by different fodder types also differed in K concentration (for cows) and in P and K concentrations (for buffalo). This study shows that Quercus is a promising fodder for cows and buffalo, along with Ficus fodder also for buffalo. Furthermore, the P concentration in FYM differed for each village. Lastly, an analysis of the equivalent monetary value of FYM determined that it is five to ten times less than the market value of FYM traded.
Advisor: Nuberg, Ian Kinloch
Cedamon, Edwin
McNeill, Ann Marie
Dissertation Note: Thesis (M.Phil.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, 2016.
Keywords: farm yard
fodder nutrient
favourite fodder
manure nutrient
monetary value
feeding experiment
soluble organic carbon
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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