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Type: Journal article
Title: Patient attitudes to commonly promoted medical interventions
Author: Fitzgerald, Stephen P.
Phillipov, George
Citation: Medical Journal of Australia, 2000; 172 (1):9-12
Publisher: Australasian Medical Publishing
Issue Date: 2000
ISSN: 0025-729X
School/Discipline: School of Medicine : Medicine
Statement of
Stephen P Fitzgerald and George Phillipov
Abstract: Objective: To survey attitudes about three "best practice" medical interventions (hormone replacement therapy [HRT], thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction [THROM] and coronary artery by-pass surgery [CABS]) in a sample of patients, and identify factors associated with those attitudes. Settings: Metropolitan tertiary care hospital outpatient clinics (survey 1, April 1997), two general practice surgeries (survey 2, May 1997), and one general practice surgery (survey 3, October 1997). Design: Patients completed a questionnaire while waiting for their clinical consultation. Attitude scores were measured on an 11-category Likert scale ranging from - 5 (definitely would not) to + 5 (definitely would) for acceptance of proposed medication or surgery. Participants: 85 (participation rate, 85%), 77 (94%) and 95 (97%) in surveys 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Surveys 1 and 2 constituted the primary study group (n = 162). Patients aged 50 years or reporting heart disease were excluded from the HRT analyses; patients aged 65 years were excluded from the THROM and CABS analyses. Results: The median attitude scores for HRT (n = 58), THROM and CABS (n = 111) were - 2.95 (95% CI, - 5 to - 2.1), - 0.5 (95% CI, - 0.9 to 0) and - 0.1 (95% CI, - 0.5 to + 1.3), respectively. Decreasing the risk-benefit ratio fourfold for HRT in survey 3 (n = 68) increased the median score to - 0.75 (95% CI, - 2.3 to 0). Conclusions: Patients do not view favourably the risk-benefit ratio of the three surveyed medical interventions. These attitudes may present a major impediment to most primary prevention programs.
Description: Copyright © 2000 Australasian Medical Publishing
RMID: 0001000162
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Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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