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Type: Journal article
Title: Systematic assessment of clinical practice guidelines for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Author: Smith, B.
Hender, K.
Frith, P.
Crockett, A.
Cheok, F.
Spedding, S.
Citation: Respiratory Medicine, 2003; 97(1):37-45
Publisher: W B Saunders Co Ltd
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 0954-6111
Statement of
B. J. Smith, K. Hender, P. Frith, A. J. Crockett, F. Cheok and S. Spedding
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the quality of the development of guidelines for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODOLOGY: MEDLINE and Excerpta Medica search for published guidelines, followed by independent evaluation by two reviewers, according to previously reported guideline development quality criteria, on a three-point scale. RESULTS: Five national COPD guidelines and two international COPD guidelines were retrieved. Reviewers demonstrated good inter-observer agreement in assessing the 10 combined guideline development criteria for the seven guidelines [κ=0.66]. Guidelines were only partly multi-disciplinary, with little or no consumer input, were up to 48 pages in length, and often lacked practical summaries or management flow charts which could have facilitated retrieval of key management recommendations. Almost all the papers were based upon a consensus approach, rather than evidence based, and methods of resolution of differences of opinion were not stated. Patient outcomes, ethical and medico-legal implications were not addressed and six of the guidelines were sponsored directly or indirectly by a single drug company. Conclusions: In spite of COPD guidelines being reported by major national bodies for over a decade now, most fail to meet important criteria for high-quality guideline development, and evaluation of clinical impact remains undetermined.
Keywords: Lung diseases
practice guidelines/standards
pulmonary disease (specialty)/standards
Description: Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1053/rmed.2002.1417
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