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|Scopus||Web of Science®||Altmetric|
|Title:||The health-related quality of life of male and female heavy smokers|
|Citation:||Sozial- und Präventivmedizin=Social and Preventive Medicine, 2004; 49(6):406-412|
|David H. Wilson, Catherine R. Chittleborough, Kerry Kirke, Janet F. Grant, Richard E. Ruffin|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVES: Heavy smokers are a segment of the smoking population who are at increased risk of smoking-related morbidity and least likely to achieve cessation. This study identifies the impact of heavy smoking on quality of life by gender and describes the subpopulation for improved targeting. METHODS: South Australian representative population data (n = 3010) was used to compare the health-related quality of life status of male and female heavy smokers as assessed by the SF-36. RESULTS: Of the smoking population 18% were classified as heavy smokers. There was a clear dose response relationship between amount smoked and deteriorating quality of life for all female smokers. Female heavy smokers were found to be significantly more impaired on all health-related quality of life dimensions, when compared to male heavy smokers. CONCLUSIONS: The association of smoking with impaired quality of life is more marked in females than in males. There is a need to identify female smokers as a distinct target group in smoking cessation initiatives and programs.|
|Keywords:||Smoking; health-related quality of life; heavy smokers; gender|
|Rights:||© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, 2004|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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