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Type: Journal article
Title: The health-related quality of life of male and female heavy smokers
Author: Wilson, D.
Chittleborough, C.
Kirke, K.
Grant, J.
Ruffin, R.
Citation: Sozial- und Präventivmedizin=Social and Preventive Medicine, 2004; 49(6):406-412
Publisher: Birkhauser Verlag
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 0303-8408
Statement of
David H. Wilson, Catherine R. Chittleborough, Kerry Kirke, Janet F. Grant, Richard E. Ruffin
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Heavy smokers are a segment of the smoking population who are at increased risk of smoking-related morbidity and least likely to achieve cessation. This study identifies the impact of heavy smoking on quality of life by gender and describes the subpopulation for improved targeting. METHODS: South Australian representative population data (n = 3010) was used to compare the health-related quality of life status of male and female heavy smokers as assessed by the SF-36. RESULTS: Of the smoking population 18% were classified as heavy smokers. There was a clear dose response relationship between amount smoked and deteriorating quality of life for all female smokers. Female heavy smokers were found to be significantly more impaired on all health-related quality of life dimensions, when compared to male heavy smokers. CONCLUSIONS: The association of smoking with impaired quality of life is more marked in females than in males. There is a need to identify female smokers as a distinct target group in smoking cessation initiatives and programs.
Keywords: Smoking; health-related quality of life; heavy smokers; gender
Rights: © Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, 2004
RMID: 0020041216
DOI: 10.1007/s00038-004-3075-1
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Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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