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|Title:||Obliquity-driven expansion of North Atlantic sea ice during the last glacial|
|Citation:||Geophysical Research Letters, 2015; 42(23):10382-10390|
|Publisher:||American Geophysical Union (AGU)|
|Chris S. M. Turney, Zoë A. Thomas, David K. Hutchinson, Corey J.A. Bradshaw, Barry W. Brook, Matthew H. England, Christopher J. Fogwill, Richard T. Jones, Jonathan Palmer, Konrad A. Hughen, and Alan Cooper|
|Abstract:||North Atlantic late-Pleistocene climate (60,000 to 11,650 years ago) was characterized by abrupt and extreme millennial-duration oscillations known as Dansgaard-Oeschger (D-O) events. However, during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) 23,000 to 19,000 calendar years ago (23 to 19 ka), no D-O events are observed in the Greenland ice cores. Our new analysis of the Greenland δ¹⁸O record reveals a switch in the stability of the climate system around 30 ka, suggesting that a critical threshold was passed. Climate-system modelling suggests low axial obliquity at this time caused vastly expanded sea ice in the Labrador Sea, shifting Northern Hemisphere westerly winds south and reducing the strength of Meridional Overturning Circulation. The results suggest these feedbacks tipped the climate system into full glacial conditions, leading to maximum continental ice growth during the LGM.|
|Keywords:||Late Pleistocene; abrupt climate change; geochronology; tipping point; meridional overturning circulation; Greenland ice cores|
|Rights:||© 2015 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Ecology, Evolution and Landscape Science publications|
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