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Type: Journal article
Title: Outcome of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in patients with disordered preoperative peristalsis
Author: Baigrie, R.
Watson, D.
Myers, J.
Jamieson, G.
Citation: Gut, 1997; 40(3):381-385
Issue Date: 1997
ISSN: 0017-5749
Abstract: BACKGROUND:A 360 degrees or Nissen fundoplication remains controversial in patients with disordered peristalsis, some surgeons preferring a partial wrap to minimise postoperative dysphagia. AIM:To evaluate symptoms and manometric outcome in patients with disordered peristalsis after Nissen fundoplication. PATIENTS:In an initial series of 345 patients studied prospectively, 31 patients who had undergone a Nissen fundoplication had disordered peristalsis. Using preoperative manometry, patients were classified as: equivocal primary peristalsis (eight patients); abnormal primary peristalsis (four patients); abnormal maximal contraction pressure (13 patients); abnormal primary peristalsis and maximal contraction pressure (six patients). METHODS:Postoperatively, patients underwent a barium meal, oesophageal manometry and standardised clinical review by a blinded scientific officer. RESULTS:Twenty eight (90%) patients had satisfaction scores of at least 8 out of a maximum of 10 and all would undergo surgery again. Whereas 15 (48%) patients had dysphagia scores greater than 4/10 preoperatively, only two (6%) had these scores at one year. Improved peristalsis was seen in 78% of postoperative manometric studies, and mean preoperative lower oesophageal sphincter pressure increased from 6.6 (range 0-21) mm Hg to 19 (4-50) mm Hg. CONCLUSIONS:These results are similar to the overall group of 345 patients and suggest that disordered peristalsis, and possibly even absent peristalsis, is not a contraindication to Nissen fundoplication as performed in these patients.
Keywords: Esophagus; Humans; Gastroesophageal Reflux; Treatment Outcome; Fundoplication; Postoperative Period; Prospective Studies; Manometry; Peristalsis; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Middle Aged; Female; Male
RMID: 0030004621
DOI: 10.1136/gut.40.3.381
Appears in Collections:Surgery publications

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