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Type: Journal article
Title: Response process and test-retest reliability of the Context Assessment for Community Health tool in Vietnam
Author: Duc, D.
Bergström, A.
Eriksson, L.
Selling, K.
Ha, B.
Wallin, L.
Citation: Global Health Action, 2016; 9(1):31572-1-31572-11
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1654-9880
Statement of
Duong M. Duc, Anna Bergström, Leif Eriksson, Katarina Selling, Bui Thi Thu Ha and Lars Wallin
Abstract: Background: The recently developed Context Assessment for Community Health (COACH) tool aims to measure aspects of the local healthcare context perceived to influence knowledge translation in low- and middle-income countries. The tool measures eight dimensions (organizational resources , community engagement, monitoring services for action, sources of knowledge, commitment to work, work culture, leadership, and informal payment) through 49 items. Objective: The study aimed to explore the understanding and stability of the COACH tool among health providers in Vietnam. Designs: To investigate the response process, think-aloud interviews were undertaken with five community health workers, six nurses and midwives, and five physicians. Identified problems were classified according to Conrad and Blair's taxonomy and grouped according to an estimation of the magnitude of the problem's effect on the response data. Further, the stability of the tool was examined using a test–retest survey among 77 respondents. The reliability was analyzed for items (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and percent agreement) and dimensions (ICC and Bland–Altman plots). Results: In general, the think-aloud interviews revealed that the COACH tool was perceived as clear, well organized, and easy to answer. Most items were understood as intended. However, seven prominent problems in the items were identified and the content of three dimensions was perceived to be of a sensitive nature. In the test–retest survey, two-thirds of the items and seven of eight dimensions were found to have an ICC agreement ranging from moderate to substantial (0.5–0.7), demonstrating that the instrument has an acceptable level of stability. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that the Vietnamese translation of the COACH tool is generally perceived to be clear and easy to understand and has acceptable stability. There is, however, a need to rephrase and add generic examples to clarify some items and to further review items with low ICC.
Keywords: context assessment; implementation science; knowledge translation; reliability; response process; test-retest; think-aloud interview; validity
Rights: © 2016 Duong M. Duc et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 License (, allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.
RMID: 0030056268
DOI: 10.3402/gha.v9.31572
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