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|Title:||Early reoperation following laparoscopic antireflux surgery|
|Citation:||American Journal of Surgery, 2000; 179(3):172-176|
|Publisher:||Excerpta Medica Inc|
|Yau, Patrick ; Watson, David I ; Devitt, Peter G ; Game, Phillip A ; Jamieson, Glyn G|
|Abstract:||<h4>Purpose</h4>To assess the outcome for patients undergoing early reoperation following laparoscopic antireflux surgery.<h4>Methods</h4>The outcome was prospectively determined for 28 patients who underwent 30 reoperative procedures within 4 weeks of their initial laparoscopic fundoplication between 1992 and 1998. Follow-up ranged from 3 months to 4 years (median 2 years). Before mid 1994, patients were assessed and managed based on clinical findings (first 192 patients in overall series), whereas subsequently (for the most recent 530 patients) all patients underwent routine early postoperative barium swallow radiography, and laparoscopic exploration during the first postoperative week if problems were suspected.<h4>Results</h4>The reoperations were performed for acute paraoesophageal hiatus hernia (8 patients), tight oesophageal hiatus (7), postoperative haemorrhage (3), tight Nissen fundoplication (8), early recurrent reflux (1), and coeliac/superior mesenteric artery thrombosis (1). Two patients required a second operation for persistent dysphagia due to a tight hiatus. Both patients initially underwent loosening of their fundoplication. Before mid 1994, reoperations were usually undertaken by an open approach, whereas subsequently a laparoscopic approach has usually been successful. Laparoscopic reintervention was easily achieved within 7 days of the first procedure whereas subsequent surgery was more difficult and often required open surgery. The change in protocol was associated with an improvement in overall patient satisfaction and dysphagia in the latter part of this experience.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Routine early contrast radiology following laparoscopic fundoplication and a low threshold for laparoscopic reexploration facilitates early identification of postoperative problems at a time when laparoscopic correction is easily achieved. This may result in an improved overall outcome for patients requiring early reintervention following laparoscopic antireflux surgery.|
|Keywords:||Esophagus; Celiac Artery; Mesenteric Artery, Superior; Humans; Deglutition Disorders; Gastroesophageal Reflux; Hernia, Hiatal; Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion; Thrombosis; Recurrence; Postoperative Hemorrhage; Barium Sulfate; Contrast Media; Radiography; Laparoscopy; Treatment Outcome; Fundoplication; Reoperation; Follow-Up Studies; Prospective Studies; Middle Aged; Patient Satisfaction; Female; Male|
|Appears in Collections:||Surgery publications|
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