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Type: Journal article
Title: Allergy tests do not predict food triggers in adult patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis. A comprehensive prospective study using five modalities
Author: Philpott, H.
Nandurkar, S.
Royce, S.
Thien, F.
Gibson, P.
Citation: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 2016; 44(3):223-233
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0269-2813
Statement of
H. Philpott, S. Nandurkar, S. G. Royce, F. Thien and P. R. Gibson
Abstract: Background: The use of allergy tests to guide dietary treatment for eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is controversial and data are limited. Aeroallergen sensitisation patterns and food triggers have been defined in Northern Hemisphere cohorts only. Aims: To determine if allergy tests that are routinely available can predict food triggers in adult patients with EoE. To define the food triggers and aeroallergen sensitisation patterns in a novel Southern Hemisphere (Australian) cohort of patients. Methods: Consecutive patients with EoE who elected to undergo dietary therapy were prospectively assessed, demographic details and atopic characteristics recorded, and allergy tests, comprising skin-prick and skin-patch tests, serum allergen-specific IgE, basophil activation test and serum food-specific IgG, were performed. Patients underwent a six-food elimination diet with a structured algorithm that included endoscopic and histological examination of the oesophagus a minimum of 2 weeks after each challenge. Response was defined as <15 eosinophils per HPF. Foods defined as triggers were considered as gold standard and were compared with those identified by allergy testing. Results: No allergy test could accurately predict actual food triggers. Concordance among skin-prick and serum allergen-specific IgE was high for aeroallergens only. Among seasonal aeroallergens, rye-grass sensitisation was predominant. Food triggers were commonly wheat, milk and egg, alone or in combination. Conclusions: None of the currently-available allergy tests predicts food triggers for EoE. Exclusion-rechallenge methodology with oesophageal histological assessment remains the only effective investigation. The same food triggers were identified in this southern hemisphere cohort as previously described.
Keywords: Basophils
Food Hypersensitivity
Immunoglobulin E
Skin Tests
Immunologic Tests
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Predictive Value of Tests
Middle Aged
Young Adult
Eosinophilic Esophagitis
Rights: © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
DOI: 10.1111/apt.13676
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