Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/117820
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Type: Journal article
Title: Properties of the binary neutron star merger GW170817
Author: Abbott, B.
Abbott, R.
Abbott, T.
Acernese, F.
Ackley, K.
Adams, C.
Adams, T.
Addesso, P.
Adhikari, R.
Adya, V.
Affeldt, C.
Agarwal, B.
Agathos, M.
Agatsuma, K.
Aggarwal, N.
Aguiar, O.
Aiello, L.
Ain, A.
Ajith, P.
Allen, B.
et al.
Citation: Physical Review X, 2019; 9(1):011001-1-011001-32
Publisher: American Physical Society
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 2160-3308
2160-3308
Statement of
Responsibility: 
B.P. Abbott … D. Beniwal … D.D. Brown … H. Cao … A.A. Ciobanu … M.R. Ganija … C. Ingram … W. Kim … E.J. King … J. Munch … S. Ng … D.J. Ottaway … P.J. Veitch … [The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration]
Abstract: On August 17, 2017, the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors observed a low-mass compact binary inspiral. The initial sky localization of the source of the gravitational-wave signal, GW170817, allowed electromagnetic observatories to identify NGC 4993 as the host galaxy. In this work, we improve initial estimates of the binary’s properties, including component masses, spins, and tidal parameters, using the known source location, improved modeling, and recalibrated Virgo data. We extend the range of gravitational-wave frequencies considered down to 23 Hz, compared to 30 Hz in the initial analysis. We also compare results inferred using several signal models, which are more accurate and incorporate additional physical effects as compared to the initial analysis. We improve the localization of the gravitational-wave source to a 90% credible region of 16  deg². We find tighter constraints on the masses, spins, and tidal parameters, and continue to find no evidence for nonzero component spins. The component masses are inferred to lie between 1.00 and 1.89  M⊙ when allowing for large component spins, and to lie between 1.16 and 1.60  M⊙ (with a total mass 2.73⁺⁰·⁰⁴-₀.₀₁  M⊙) when the spins are restricted to be within the range observed in Galactic binary neutron stars. Using a precessing model and allowing for large component spins, we constrain the dimensionless spins of the components to be less than 0.50 for the primary and 0.61 for the secondary. Under minimal assumptions about the nature of the compact objects, our constraints for the tidal deformability parameter ˜Λ are (0,630) when we allow for large component spins, and 300⁺⁴²⁰−₂₃₀ (using a 90% highest posterior density interval) when restricting the magnitude of the component spins, ruling out several equation-of-state models at the 90% credible level. Finally, with LIGO and GEO600 data, we use a Bayesian analysis to place upper limits on the amplitude and spectral energy density of a possible postmerger signal.
Rights: Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI.
RMID: 0030106401
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.9.011001
Appears in Collections:Physics publications

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