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Type: Journal article
Title: Indicators of healthy food consumption among older adults with diabetes and/or hypertension are similar to healthy older adults: results from a population based study in Southern Brazil
Author: Cembranel, F.
de Oliveira Bernardo, C.
Ozcariz, S.G.I.
González-Chica, D.A.
d Orsi, E.
Citation: Journal of Public Health, 2018; 26(3):331-338
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1741-3842
Statement of
Francieli Cembranel, Carla de Oliveira Bernardo, Silvia Gisele Ibarra Ozcariz, David Alejandro González-Chica, Eleonora d’Orsi
Abstract: Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of indicators of healthy food consumption among older adults with diabetes and/or hypertension and whether or not they occur more frequently than in healthy older adults. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 1656 older adults who participated in the first wave of a longitudinal, population-based study held in Florianopolis, Southern Brazil, EpiFloripa Idoso 2009/2010, using the self-reported diagnosis of diabetes and/or hypertension as exposure variable and indicators of healthy food consumption as outcomes. Results: Only 22.7% (95% CI: 20.1–25.3) of females and 29.6% (95% CI:25.8–33.4) of males eat fruit ≥ 3 times/day and vegetables ≥ 2 times/day. More than one third of the sample had frequent consumption (> 2 times/week) of fats from meat/chicken, fried foods and whole milk. Conclusion: We found that the indicators of healthy food consumption do not differ among older adults with and without diabetes and/or hypertension, indicating no adopting of the secondary prevention measures in the treatment of these diseases.
Keywords: Older adults; food consumption; diabetes mellitus; hypertension; sectional study
Rights: © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017
DOI: 10.1007/s10389-017-0864-6
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