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Type: Journal article
Title: Cognitive and noncognitive costs of day care at age 0-2 for children in advantaged families
Author: Fort, M.
Ichino, A.
Zanella, G.
Citation: Journal of Political Economy, 2020; 128(1):158-205
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0022-3808
Statement of
Margherita Fort, Andrea Ichino, Giulio Zanella
Abstract: Exploiting admission thresholds to the Bologna day care system, we show using a regression discontinuity (RD) design that one additional day care month at age 0–2 reduces intelligence quotient by 0.5% (4.7% of a standard deviation) at age 8–14 in a relatively affluent population. Themagnitude of this negative effect increases with family income. Similar negative impacts are found for personality traits. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis frompsychology that children in day care experience fewer one-to-one interactions with adults, with negative effects in families where such interactions are of higher quality.We embed this hypothesis in a model that lends structure to our RD design.
Keywords: child development
Description: Electronically published December 12, 2019
Rights: © 2019 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.
RMID: 1000014640
DOI: 10.1086/704075
Appears in Collections:Economics publications

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