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Type: Journal article
Title: A histomorphometric study of adaptive responses of cancellous bone in different regions in the sheep mandibular condyle following experimental forward mandibular displacement
Author: Ma, B.
Sampson, W.
Wilson, D.
Wiebkin, O.
Fazzalari, N.
Citation: Archives of Oral Biology, 2002; 47(7):519-527
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0003-9969
Statement of
Bingkui Ma, Wayne Sampsona, David Wilsond, Ole Wiebkine and Nicola Fazzalari
Abstract: Forward mandibular displacement in animal models is associated with faster and/or redirected condylar growth. Here the effect of forward displacement induced with an intraoral appliance on modelling/remodelling of the mandibular condyle was investigated in eight, 4-month-old, castrated male Merino sheep, randomly allocated to experimental and control groups (n=4 in each group). The study period was 15 weeks, during that time, (1) calcein, (2) tetracycline, and (3) alizarin red S fluorochromes were given to all animals from day 1. Midsagittal sections of the temporomandibular joints were selected for analysis. Dynamic variables of bone formation, static indices of bone-forming and -resorbing activity, and structural indices of trabecular bone were estimated histomorphometrically. The sampling site was divided into two regions for analysis: (a) a ‘subchondral region’ (2 and 3 labels only), believed to be the bone newly formed during the experimental period; (b) a ‘central region’ (labelled by all three fluorochromes), believed to be the bone that existed before the experiment. Regional differences in adaptive response were found. In the experimental group, the bone-volume fraction (BV/TV) of the subchondral regions had decreased, although the specific bone-surface and bone-formation rates had increased. This low BV/TV was associated with decreased trabecular thickness and increased trabecular separation. In the central condylar region of the experimental group, BV/TV was unchanged, but an increased osteoid surface was apparent when the eroded surface was taken into consideration. These adaptive condylar responses to forward mandibular displacement appeared to be the result of increased osteoblastic activity. Further studies are recommended to examine why the subchondral and central regions responded differently.
Keywords: Temporomandibular joint
Forward mandibular displacement
Functional appliance
Bone histomorphometry
Bone modelling
Bone remodelling
Description: Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/S0003-9969(02)00034-1
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