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Type: Journal article
Title: Evaluation of the dose-response relationship for intra-nasal oxymetazoline hydrochloride in normal adults
Author: Taverner, D.
Bickford, L.
Shakib, S.
Tonkin, A.
Citation: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 1999; 55(7):509-513
Issue Date: 1999
ISSN: 0031-6970
Statement of
Taverner, D. ; Bickford, L. ; Shakib, S. ; Tonkin, A.
Abstract: <h4>Objectives</h4>To evaluate the dose-response relationship of increasing doses of oxymetazoline compared with placebo in normal subjects, and to determine the sensitivities of rhinomanometry, acoustic rhinometry and symptoms in discriminating between differing doses of oxymetazoline in normal subjects.<h4>Methods</h4>The study had a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group, dose-response design. One hundred and twenty-five healthy volunteers with no nasal obstruction were randomized to administration of a single intra-nasal dose of oxymetazoline (6.25 microg, 12.5 microg, 25 microg or 50 microg) or placebo to each nasal cavity. Nasal airway resistance (NAR) was measured by active posterior rhinomanometry. Total minimum cross-sectional area (tMCA) and volume (tVOL) were measured by acoustic rhinometry. Symptoms of congestion (CON) were assessed on a visual analogue scale.<h4>Results</h4>The two highest doses of oxymetazoline produced a significant decrease in NAR compared with placebo (P = 0.015) but not between placebo and 12.5 microg or 6.25 microg. There was a dose-response relationship for tVOL, which increased significantly after all doses compared with placebo (P < 0. 001) and showed differences between 6.25-microg and 25-microg (P < 0. 014) and 12.5-microg and 50-microg (P < 0.05) doses. tMCA increased compared with placebo after all treatments (P = 0.028), but there were no significant differences between any of the active doses. There were no significant changes in CON after any treatments compared with placebo.<h4>Conclusions</h4>tVOL shows a clear dose-response relationship for the range of doses of oxymetazoline administered. tVOL provides a sensitive and discriminatory measure of small nasal changes after low doses of oxymetazoline. NAR is able to discriminate between doses, but is less sensitive than tVOL and tMCA, requiring a higher threshold dose before significant changes are seen in nasal patency.
Keywords: Nasal Cavity
Nasal Decongestants
Airway Resistance
Treatment Outcome
Administration, Intranasal
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Double-Blind Method
Drug Evaluation
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Middle Aged
DOI: 10.1007/s002280050665
Published version:
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Pharmacology publications

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