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|Title:||Endogenous endophthalmitis: a 13-year review at a tertiary hospital in South Australia.|
|Citation:||Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2005; 37(3):184-189|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis As|
|Igal Leibovitch, Tze Lai, Grant Raymond, Ramin Zadeh, Francis Nathan and Dinesh Selva|
|Abstract:||This retrospective report presents a series of patients with endogenous endophthalmitis treated over a 13-y period in a tertiary care centre in South Australia. 16 eyes of 13 patients (8 M, 5F) with a mean age 62 y were included. Systemic predisposing risk factors were mainly diabetes mellitus (30.7%), chronic obstructive airway disease (23.1%) and end-stage renal disease (15.4%). Isolated organisms included fungal species in 11 eyes (7 eyes with Candida albicans and 4 with Aspergillus fumigatus), Gram-positive isolates in 4 eyes, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 1 eye. Presenting visual acuity was 20/200 or lower in 8 patients (61.5%). Final visual improvement of more than 2 lines was noted in 5 patients, it was stable or worse in 6 patients and in 2 patients the eye was either enucleated or eviscerated. Systemic aspergillosis resulted in death of both patients. In conclusion, the clinical course and microbiological profile of pathogens in patients with endogenous endophthalmitis in our series are similar to other recent western reports. Candida species are the leading isolates, with an overall poor visual prognosis, especially in Aspergillus infections. Close monitoring of immune-compromized patients with systemic infections may enable early diagnosis and treatment and improve prognosis.|
Eye Infections, Bacterial
Eye Infections, Fungal
Aged, 80 and over
|Rights:||© 2005 Taylor & Francis|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 6|
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