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Type: Journal article
Title: Size relationships among permanent mandibular molars in Aboriginal Australians and Papua New Guinea highlanders
Author: Kondo, S.
Townsend, G.
Kanazawa, E.
Citation: American Journal of Human Biology, 2005; 17(5):622-633
Publisher: Wiley-Liss
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 1042-0533
Statement of
Shintaro Kondo, Grant C. Townsend, and Eisaku Kanazawa
Abstract: Size relationships among crown units of permanent mandibular molars were investigated in two Sahul-Pacific samples: Aboriginal Australians (Yuendumu) and Papua New Guinea Highlanders (Wabag). Measurements of first, second, and third molars (M1, M2, and M3), including overall mesiodistal and buccolingual diameters as well as the mesiodistal and buccolingual diameters of the trigonid and talonid, were obtained from dental casts using a sliding caliper. Molar reduction was noted in talonid dimensions within both samples, but the trigonid mesiodistal diameter was not reduced in M2 or M3 compared with M1, indicating that the later-developing crown unit (talonid) was more reduced than the early-developing unit (trigonid). M2 was most reduced in size mesiodistally of the three molars, but its buccolingual diameter was not reduced. M3 was the most reduced tooth in trigonid buccolingual diameter. The percentage sexual dimorphism values were greater for the size of the talonid than for the trigonid, indicating that male values exceeded those for females by a greater amount in the later-developing crown unit. Crown dimensions were larger generally in the Aboriginal Australians from Yuendumu than in the Papua New Guinea Highlanders from Wabag, with differences being more evident in M2 and M3 than M1, especially in talonid dimensions. The trigonid, which develops early both phylogenetically and ontogenetically, tended to be relatively stable in size, whereas the later-forming talonid displayed size reduction when comparisons were made both within and between groups.
Keywords: Molar
Tooth Crown
Data Collection
Sex Characteristics
Time Factors
Papua New Guinea
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Rights: Copyright © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.20418
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 2
Dentistry publications

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