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Type: Journal article
Title: A South Australian population-based study of congenital talipes equinovarus
Author: Byron-Scott, R.
Sharpe, P.
Hasler, C.
Cundy, P.
Hirte, C.
Chan, A.
Scott, H.
Baghurst, P.
Haan, E.
Citation: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 2005; 19(3):227-237
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0269-5022
Statement of
Byron‐scott, R. ; Sharpe, P. ; Hasler, C. ; Cundy, P. ; Hirte, C. ; Chan, A. ; Scott, H. ; Baghurst, P. ; Haan, E.
Abstract: The aims of this study were to provide a population-based prevalence for congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), to conduct an epidemiological investigation into the risk factors for CTEV and describe associated features. The study used a retrospective case-control design of CTEV notified to the South Australian Birth Defects Register between 1986 and 1996 inclusive, linking characteristics of mother and baby from the perinatal data collection. The prevalence of isolated CTEV was 1.1/1000 total births (n = 231). Four factors were significantly associated with an increased risk of CTEV: maternal Aboriginal race (ORadj = 2.0; 95% CI 1.1, 3.6), male gender (ORadj = 2.4; 95% CI 1.8, 3.2), maternal anaemia (ORadj = 1.8; 95% CI 1.0, 2.9) and maternal hyperemesis (ORadj = 3.6; 95% CI 1.3, 9.8). The prevalence of CTEV associated with another birth defect or syndrome (n = 157) was 0.7/1000 total births. CTEV was associated with specific birth defects and also with oligohydramnios when another birth defect was present.
Keywords: Humans
Hyperemesis Gravidarum
Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic
Pregnancy Outcome
Epidemiologic Methods
Sex Factors
Infant, Newborn
South Australia
Congenital Abnormalities
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3016.2005.00647.x
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