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|Title:||A South Australian population-based study of congenital talipes equinovarus|
|Citation:||Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 2005; 19(3):227-237|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Publishing Ltd|
|Byron‐scott, R. ; Sharpe, P. ; Hasler, C. ; Cundy, P. ; Hirte, C. ; Chan, A. ; Scott, H. ; Baghurst, P. ; Haan, E.|
|Abstract:||The aims of this study were to provide a population-based prevalence for congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), to conduct an epidemiological investigation into the risk factors for CTEV and describe associated features. The study used a retrospective case-control design of CTEV notified to the South Australian Birth Defects Register between 1986 and 1996 inclusive, linking characteristics of mother and baby from the perinatal data collection. The prevalence of isolated CTEV was 1.1/1000 total births (n = 231). Four factors were significantly associated with an increased risk of CTEV: maternal Aboriginal race (ORadj = 2.0; 95% CI 1.1, 3.6), male gender (ORadj = 2.4; 95% CI 1.8, 3.2), maternal anaemia (ORadj = 1.8; 95% CI 1.0, 2.9) and maternal hyperemesis (ORadj = 3.6; 95% CI 1.3, 9.8). The prevalence of CTEV associated with another birth defect or syndrome (n = 157) was 0.7/1000 total births. CTEV was associated with specific birth defects and also with oligohydramnios when another birth defect was present.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Clubfoot; Hyperemesis Gravidarum; Oligohydramnios; Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic; Anemia; Pregnancy Outcome; Epidemiologic Methods; Sex Factors; Pregnancy; Infant, Newborn; Oceanic Ancestry Group; South Australia; Female; Male; Congenital Abnormalities|
|Appears in Collections:||Public Health publications|
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