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Type: Journal article
Title: Hard palate and free tarsal grafts as posterior lamella substitutes in upper lid surgery
Author: Leibovitch, I.
Malhotra, R.
Selva-Nayagam, D.
Citation: Ophthalmology, 2006; 113(3):489-496
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0161-6420
Abstract: <h4>Objectives</h4>To present the surgical outcomes and postoperative complications in a series of patients who underwent upper lid surgery using autogenous hard palate grafts (HPGs) or free tarsal grafts (FTGs) as posterior lamella replacement material.<h4>Design</h4>Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series.<h4>Patients</h4>Thirty-one consecutive patients who were operated in 2 oculoplastics centers between July 2000 and January 2005.<h4>Methods</h4>All patients' clinical records were reviewed.<h4>Main outcome measures</h4>Postoperative upper eyelid contour and viability, ocular discomfort, keratopathy, and corneal edema, as well as assessment for donor site complications and final graft dimensions.<h4>Results</h4>There were 31 patients who underwent upper lid surgery (15 HPGs, 16 FTGs). The complications in the HPG group included corneal edema or transient keratopathy (13.3%), partial graft dehiscence (13.3%), upper lid retraction (13.3%), and necrosis of the overlying skin flap (6.7%). There were no significant postoperative complications in the FTG group during a mean follow-up period of 13.5+/-5 months. Donor site complications included 2 cases of mild upper lid retraction and central peaking. There were an average of 17% decrease in FTG vertical height and a 24% decrease in HPG vertical height during the follow-up period.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Hard palate grafts may be associated with a higher rate of complications in upper lid surgery relative to FTGs, although most complications are temporary. Graft contraction could be reduced by oversizing.
Keywords: Eyelids
Palate, Hard
Connective Tissue
Surgical Flaps
Corneal Diseases
Corneal Edema
Eyelid Diseases
Surgical Wound Dehiscence
Retrospective Studies
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2005.11.017
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 2
Surgery publications

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