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Type: Journal article
Title: Job characteristics and the subjective oral health of Australian workers
Author: Sanders, A.
Spencer, A.
Citation: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 2004; 28(3):259-266
Publisher: Public Health Assoc Australia Inc
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 1326-0200
Statement of
Anne E. Sanders and A. John Spencer
Abstract: <h4>Unlabelled</h4>The way in which work is structured and organised is associated with the health and well-being of workers.<h4>Objectives</h4>To examine the associations between hours worked, job security, skill maintenance and work and home interference and subjective oral health; and to compare findings for different occupational groups.<h4>Methods</h4>Data were collected in 1999 from a random stratified sample of households in all Australian States and Territories using a telephone interview and a questionnaire survey. Subjective oral health was evaluated with the short form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), which assesses the adverse impact of oral conditions on quality of life.<h4>Results</h4>Data were obtained for 2,347 dentate adults in the workforce. In the 12 months preceding the survey, 51.9% had experienced oral pain and 31.0% reported psychological discomfort from dental problems. Males, young adults, Australian-born workers, and those in upper-white collar occupations reported lower mean OHIP-14 scores (ANOVA p < 0.001). Having controlled for the effects sex, age, country of birth and socioeconomic factors in a linear multiple regression analysis, hours worked, skill maintenance and work and home interference were significantly associated with OHIP-14 scores for all workers. While part-time work was associated with higher OHIP-14 among upper white-collar workers, working >40 hours a week was associated with higher OHIP-14 scores for other workers.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Aspects of the work environment are associated with the subjective oral health of workers. Because these contexts are subject to only limited control by individual workers, their influence is a public health issue.
Keywords: Humans
Middle Aged
Oral Health
Interviews as Topic
Surveys and Questionnaires
Description: Copyright © 2004 Public Health Association of Australia
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-842X.2004.tb00705.x
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Dentistry publications

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