Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/39303
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Type: Journal article
Title: Subversion of the chemokine world by microbial pathogens
Author: Liston, A.
McColl, S.
Citation: Bioessays, 2003; 25(5):478-488
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 0265-9247
1521-1878
Abstract: It is well known that microbial pathogens are able to subvert the host immune system in order to increase microbial replication and propagation. Recent research indicates that another arm of the immune response, that of the chemokine system, is also subject to this sabotage, and is undermined by a range of microbial pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites. Currently, it is known that the chemokine system is being challenged by a number of mechanisms, and still more are likely to be discovered with further research. Here we first review the general mechanisms by which microbial pathogens bypass mammalian chemokine defences. Broadly, these can be grouped as viral chemokine interacting proteins, microbial manipulation of host chemokine and chemokine receptor expression, microbial blockade of host chemokine receptor signalling, and the largely hypothetical mechanisms of microbial enhancement of host anti-chemokine networks (including digestion, antagonism, and neutralisation of host chemokines and chemokine receptors). We then discuss the potential results of these interactions in terms of outcome of infection.
Keywords: Leukocytes; Animals; Humans; Bacteria; Viruses; Glycosaminoglycans; Receptors, Chemokine; Viral Proteins; Chemokines; Signal Transduction; Chemotaxis
Description: The definitive version may be found at www.wiley.com
RMID: 0020071854
DOI: 10.1002/bies.10273
Published version: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/abstract/104524932/ABSTRACT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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