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|Title:||Periprosthetic osteolysis is associated with wear particles stimulating factors that control osteoclast formation|
|Citation:||Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume, 2002; 84B(Suppl.3):234|
|Part of:||Proceedings, Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association 2001|
|Publisher:||British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery|
|TN Crotti, M Loric, GJ Atkins, DM Findlay, DW Howie, G Bain and DR Haynes|
|Abstract:||Wear particles are thought to be a major factor causing osteolysis that leads to aseptic loosening. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of primary regulators of osteoclast development, RANKL (also known as osteoclast differentiation factor), its receptor RANK and natural inhibitor osteoprotegerin (OPG) in aseptic loosening. Cells were isolated from periprosthetic tissues taken at revision from more than 30 patients and the expression of these mediators in vivo was assessed using semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). These cells were also cultured on dentine to determine their ability to become mature osteoclasts. In situ hybridisation using DIG labelled riboprobes specific for RANK mRNA was used to identify cells likely to become osteoclasts. We were able to compare revison tissues containing several different types of prosthetic wear particles. RANKL, RANK and OPG mRNA were found in samples of periprosthetic revision tissues. Cells derived from this tissue developed into mature osteoclasts capable of resorbing dentine. Cells that rapidly formed osteoblasts expressed a fifteen fold higher ratio of RANKL:OPG mRNA. In situ hybridisation showed RANK expression by macrophages and giant cells, many of which contained wear particles. Significantly, cells from tissues containing silastic wear particles expressed higher levels of RANKL relative to OPG and more produced large numbers of osteoclasts in vitro. This study shows that different bio materials in a particulate form may differ in their ability to form osteoclasts and that the relative levels of RANKL and OPG are likely to be important in determining if osteolysis will occur. In the future molecules that inhibit RANKL binding, such as OPG, may be considered for therapy of periprosthetic osteolysis.|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2002 by British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery|
|Appears in Collections:||Orthopaedics and Trauma publications|
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