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Type: Journal article
Title: Prevalence of exfoliation syndrome in central Sri Lanka: the Kandy Eye Study
Author: Rudkin, A.
Edussuriya, K.
Sennanayake, S.
Senaratne, T.
Selva-Nayagam, D.
Sullivan, T.
Casson, R.
Citation: British Journal of Ophthalmology, 2008; 92(12):1595-1598
Publisher: British Med Journal Publ Group
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0007-1161
Statement of
A. K. Rudkin, K. Edussuriya, S. Sennanayake, T. Senaratne, D. Selva, T. R. Sullivan, R. J. Casson
Abstract: Aims: To report the prevalence and correlates of exfoliation syndrome (XFS) in central, rural Sri Lanka. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional ophthalmic survey of inhabitants 40 years of age and over from villages in the Kandy District was conducted. Selection was randomised using a cluster sampling process. 1721 eligible participants were identified, 1375 participated. A detailed ophthalmic history and examination including ocular biometry was made of each participant. Results: The prevalence of XFS was estimated to be 1.1% (95% CI 0.5 to 1.5%; 22 eyes). XFS was bilateral in eight subjects, unilateral in six subjects. Univariate analysis demonstrated a significant association between XFS and increasing age (p<0.001), increasing intraocular pressure (odds ratio 1.2; 95% CI 1.09 to 1.27; p<0.001), nuclear cataracts (odds ratio 1.92; 95% CI 1.47 to 2.51; p<0.001), visual impairment (odds ratio 9.72; 95% CI 3.01 to 31.44; p<0.001) and a history of hypertension (odds ratio 3.89; 95% CI 1.14 to 13.16; p = 0.030). Conclusion: XFS in this Sri Lankan population was associated with advanced age, raised intraocular pressure, nuclear cataracts, hypertension and visual impairment.
Keywords: Humans
Optic Nerve Diseases
Exfoliation Syndrome
Disease Progression
Cross-Sectional Studies
Age Factors
Intraocular Pressure
Middle Aged
Rural Health
Sri Lanka
DOI: 10.1136/bjo.2008.146407
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications

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