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Type: Journal article
Title: Developing an integrated brain, behavior and biological response profile in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Author: Falconer, E.
Felmingham, K.
Allen, A.
Clark, C.
McFarlane, A.
Williams, L.
Citation: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 2008; 7(3):439-456
Publisher: Inperial College Press
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0219-6352
Statement of
Falconer EM, Felmingham KL, Allen A, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Williams LM, Bryant RA.
Abstract: The present study sought to determine a profile of integrated behavioral, brain and autonomic alterations in PTSD. Previous findings suggest that PTSD is associated with changes across electrophysiological (EEG and ERP), autonomic and cognitive/behavioral measures. In particular, PTSD has been associated with reduced cognitive performance, altered cortical arousal (measured by EEG), diminished late ERP component to oddball task targets (reduced P3 amplitude) and increased autonomic arousal relative to healthy controls. The present study examined measures of cognitive function, auditory oddball ERP components, autonomic function (heart rate and skin conductance) and EEG during resting conditions in 44 individuals with PTSD and 44 non-trauma-exposed controls, and predicted that an integrated profile of changes across a number of these measures would show a high level of sensitivity and specificity in discriminating PTSD from controls. Nine variables showing strongly significant (p < 0.002) between-group differences were entered into a discriminant function analysis. Four of these measures successfully discriminated the PTSD and non-PTSD groups: change in tonic arousal, duration of attention switching, working memory reaction time and errors of commission during visuospatial maze learning. Tonic arousal change contributed the most variance in predicting group membership. These results extend previous findings and provide an integrated biomarker profile that characterizes both PTSD and non-PTSD groups with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity. This outcome provides a platform for future studies to test how this profile of disturbances in autonomic and information processing may be unique to PTSD or may occur generically across clinical and/or other anxiety disorders.
Keywords: Brain
Autonomic Nervous System
Severity of Illness Index
Analysis of Variance
Case-Control Studies
Verbal Behavior
Mental Processes
Time Perception
Reaction Time
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Neuropsychological Tests
Middle Aged
DOI: 10.1142/S0219635208001873
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Public Health publications

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