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Type: Journal article
Title: Lower respiratory tract infections and community acquired pneumonia in adults
Author: Stocks, N.
Turnidge, J.
Crockett, A.
Citation: Australian Family Physician, 2004; 33(5):297-301
Publisher: Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 0300-8495
Statement of
Nigel Stocks; John Turnidge; Alan Crockett
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory tract infections--acute bronchitis and community acquired pneumonia (CAP)--are important causes of morbidity in Australia. Acute bronchitis is often treated with antibiotics, although the cause is usually viral. Community acquired pneumonia may be fatal, particularly in the elderly, therefore appropriate assessment and management is essential. OBJECTIVE: This article describes the aetiology, clinical assessment, investigations and management of acute bronchitis and CAP in the community. DISCUSSION: Clinical assessment is important for acute bronchitis and CAP, with investigations such as C reactive protein, serology, and chest X-ray informing diagnosis and management of the latter. Causative organisms are usually not identified, but are presumed to be viral for acute bronchitis, and Streptococcus pneumoniae for CAP; although 'atypicals' are also important. Antibiotics should generally not be prescribed for acute bronchitis, however, there is some evidence they may provide limited benefits in patients who have chest signs, are very unwell, are older, have comorbidities, or smoke. In patients with CAP, treated outside of hospital, the combination of amoxycillin and doxycycline/roxithromycin is the treatment of choice.
Keywords: family practice methods; Pneumonia, diagnosis; Bronchitis diagnosis; Pneumonia, therapy; Bronchitis therapy
Description: Copyright © 2004 Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Copyright to Australian Family Physician. Reproduced with permission. Permission to reproduce must be sought from the publisher, The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners.
RMID: 0020041365
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Appears in Collections:General Practice publications

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