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|Title:||Five-year follow-up of a multicenter, double-blind randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic Nissen vs anterior 90 degrees partial fundoplication|
|Citation:||Archives of Surgery, 2010; 145(6):552-557|
|Publisher:||Amer Medical Assoc|
|Rajwinder S. Nijjar, David I. Watson, Glyn G. Jamieson, Stephen Archer, Justin R. Bessell, Michael Booth, Richard Cade, Graham L. Cullingford, Peter G. Devitt, David R. Fletcher, James Hurley, George Kiroff, Ian J. G. Martin, Leslie K. Nathanson and John A. Windsor, for the International Society for the Diseases of the Esophagus–Australasian Section|
|Abstract:||Hypothesis: Laparoscopic 90° anterior partial fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease achieves equivalent results to laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Design: A multicenter, prospective, double-blind randomized clinical trial with a minimum of 5 years’ followup. Setting: Nine university teaching hospitals in 6 major cities throughout Australia and New Zealand. Participants: One hundred twelve patients undergoing primary antireflux surgery were randomized to undergo either laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (52 patients) or anterior 90° partial fundoplication (60 patients). Interventions: Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with division of the short gastric vessels or laparoscopic anterior 90° partial fundoplication. Main Outcome Measures: Blinded assessment at 1 and 5 years’ follow-up of clinical outcome for postoperative heartburn, dysphagia, gas-related symptoms, and satisfaction with the surgical outcome. Analog scales ranging from 0 to 10 were used to assess symptom severity. Results: Ninety-seven patients underwent follow-up at 5 years. Three others died during follow-up, 4 refused follow-up, and 8 were lost to follow-up; 89% remained at 5-years’ follow-up. At 5 years’ follow-up, mean analog scores for heartburn were 2.2 for anterior fundoplication vs 0.9 for Nissen fundoplication (P=.003). There were no significant differences between the groups for dysphagia scores. The mean score for outcome satisfaction was 7.1 after anterior fundoplication vs 8.1 after Nissen fundoplication (P=.18). Eighty-eight percent reported a good or excellent outcome following Nissen fundoplication vs 77% following anterior fundoplication. Conclusions: Laparoscopic Nissen and anterior 90° partial fundoplication achieve similar levels of patient satisfaction at 5 years’ follow-up, with similar adverse effect profiles. However, at 5 years’ follow-up, laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication achieves superior control of reflux symptoms.|
|Keywords:||International Society for the Diseases of the Esophagus-Australasian Section|
|Rights:||© 2010 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest|
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