Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/63959
Type: Journal article
Title: Cancer Epidemiology in the Pacific Islands - Past, Present and Future
Author: Moore, M.
Baumann, F.
Foliaki, S.
Goodman, M.
Haddock, R.
Maraka, R.
Koroivueta, J.
Roder, D.
Vinit, T.
Whippy, H.
Sobue, T.
Citation: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 2010; 11(SUPPL.2):99-106
Publisher: Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 1513-7368
2476-762X
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Malcolm A Moore, Francine Baumann, Sunia Foliaki, Marc T Goodman, Robert Haddock, Roger Maraka, Josefa Koroivueta, David Roder, Thomas Vinit, Helen JD Whippy, Tomotaka Sobue
Abstract: The Pacific Ocean contains approximately 25,000 islands, stretching from Papua New Guinea to Easter Island, populated by mixtures of Melanesians, Micronesians and Polynesians, as well as migrant groups from Asia and Europe. The region encompasses a third of the surface of the earth although it is sparsely populated at a total of around 9 million. With the exception of some of the more populated islands, such as New Zealand and Hawaii, few surveys of chronic diseases have been conducted, but it is increasingly recognized that obesity, diabetes and associated conditions are emerging public health problems and clearly there is a need for cooperation to optimize control. Here we focus on cancer registry and epidemiological findings for Papua New Guinea, the Solomons, Vanuatu, Samoa, New Caledonia, Fiji, Polynesia, French Polynesia, Maori in New Zealand, Native Hawaiians, Micronesia, including Guam, and Aboriginal populations in Australia as assessed by PubMed searches and perusal of the International Agency for Cancer Research descriptive epidemiology database. Overall, the major cancers in males are oral and liver in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, and lung and prostate elsewhere (Fiji being exceptional in demonstrating a predominance of esophageal cancer), whereas in females it is breast and either cervix or lung, depending largely on whether cervical cancer screening program is active. In certain locations thyroid cancer is also very prevalent in females. The similarities and variation point to advantages for collaborative research to provide the evidence-base for effective cancer control programs in the region.
Keywords: Humans; Neoplasms; Registries; Sex Factors; Pacific Islands; Female; Male
Rights: Copyright status unknown
RMID: 0020105247
Published version: http://www.apocp.org/cancer_download/Volume11_supplement2/i%20Pac%2099-106.pdf
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications

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